Victorian Sash Windows (1837–1901): storeys with elaborate surrounds were a prominent part of many Victorian residences' exterior. Sash windows remained a common component of Victorian architecture, but as larger sheets of glass became available, huge individual panes of glass with fewer glazing bars were available. These new windows created a more transparent facade that allowed light to enter the house easily. They also provided a view into the property's interior by allowing people to see what was going on in other parts of the house.
The term "sash window" comes from the fact that these large windows are made up of several small pieces of wood or metal called sashes. Each sash is slid horizontally into a frame built into the opening, then raised up or lowered down to open or close the window. The sashes are held in place by wooden stops and cranks attached to the inside of the house. When the window is closed, the ends of the sashes fit together with little more than their tops visible above the casing.
These windows were popular in Victorian-era England, but they can be found all over the world today. There are modern versions of the sash window designed to save energy while still providing good visibility and privacy.
Modern sash windows have three parts: header, sash and sill. The header is the top portion of the window which contains the window seat.
Sash windows with movable sashes The sliding sash window is the most common Victorian window design. Because of its 19th-century atmosphere and ageless appearance, this design is quite distinct. Due to its popularity, additional features such as run-through sash horns and mechanical joints have been included. These additions make the sliding sash window more functional but not essential for interior space heating and cooling.
Single-hung windows have one sash that slides up or down. They are easy to open and are a popular choice for ventilation because there is no need to lift the entire window to gain access to outside air. These windows can be ordered in any size and may be either wood or vinyl. Wood single-hungs require occasional cleaning to remove dust from inside the home office. Vinyl singles do not require regular cleaning and are less expensive than their wooden counterparts.
Double-hung windows have two sashes that both slide up or down. This window type is the most common form found in homes throughout the world. It is easy to operate and provides good insulation from heat loss in the winter and noise control in the summer. Double-hung windows can be ordered in any size and are usually made of wood or vinyl. Wood double-hungs require annual cleaning to prevent the growth of mold and mildew which can occur if water gets behind the sash glides where they meet at the top of the frame.
A sash window, also known as a hanging sash window, is made up of one or more movable panels, or "sashes." Individual sashes have historically been separated into panes of glass, however they can now contain an individual sheet (or sheets, in the case of double glazing) of glass. The term sash is also used for the frame within which the glass sits; these frames are usually made of wood but can be manufactured from other materials such as steel or aluminum.
The word sash itself comes from the Old English scese, which means "joint" or "partition." As partitions dividing rooms in homes, churches, and other buildings, sashes were originally made of wood. But over time, metal sashes have replaced most of the wooden sashes in America.
People love sashes because they open and close easily, even if they're quite heavy when closed. This makes sashes perfect for letting in fresh air while keeping out cold weather or pests such as insects. In fact, some sashes can be opened from outside the house using only a handle!
Sashes were originally made entirely of wood, but today they can also be made of vinyl, fiberglass, or wood fibers with plastic or metal inserts. Some modern sashes have multiple layers of glass sandwiched between two layers of plastic or wood instead of just one layer of glass.