The most renowned Statue of Liberty is placed in the United States and marks the entrance to New York Harbor. It was designed by French artist Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. The other two Liberty statues are substantially smaller and are placed in Paris, France. They were sculpted by Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi's son, also named Frederic.
Bartholdi began work on the first Liberty statue in 1876 but had not completed it at his death in 1935. His son finished the work and named it "Goddess of Democracy." In 1948, this statue was replaced because of damage caused by enemy action during World War II. A new version was created by Antoine-Jean Gros (1771-1835), one of Bartholdi's students. Today, this second statue is located in Paris's Place de la Concorde.
In 1865, following the assassination of President Lincoln, a group of Americans visited Paris to select a monument for display in their country. They chose a woman representing America's freedom because she stood for peace, science, industry, and democracy. This sculpture, which was created by Bartholdi, became known as the "Statue of Liberty."
The original Statue of Liberty was painted red, white, and blue, the colors of the American flag.
The most renowned Statue of Liberty is placed in the United States and marks the entrance to New York Harbor. It was designed by French artist Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. The other two Liberty statues are substantially smaller and are placed in Paris, France.
Grounds ticket holders are permitted to visit the grounds of Liberty Island but are not permitted to enter the statue. Crown tickets are the most difficult to get by. They allow the holder to visit the pedestal as well as ascend all the way up into the crown of the statue. There is no elevator and ascending 146 steps to the summit is required.
The Statue of Liberty was erected as a symbol of democracy and freedom in the years following the American Civil War by French artist Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi. He christened his creation "Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World" before naming New York Harbor her permanent home. The statue has become an iconic image of America and its welcome sign to millions around the world.
Bartholdi was inspired to create the statue after seeing the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece. He believed that such a statue could have been a benefit for humanity, so he decided to bring it to life. The artist used modern techniques like photography and plaster casting to achieve his goal. The head of the statue was originally intended to be made of bronze but gold was instead used because of its greater durability. The original plan was to have the arms hold a torch but they were changed to hold a tablet due to budget constraints. A total of three versions of the statue are known to exist today: one in Paris and two others in Brussels and Prague. The one in Paris is nearly identical to the New York version in size and style.
The Statue of Liberty has been associated with many events in U.S. history from the start of her existence to the present day. She has welcomed thousands of immigrants to the country over the years through her eyes since they cannot open. Many people associate the statue with liberty and freedom while others see her as a racist representation of the past colonial system.