The Pantheon, Rome's largest dome devoted to all the Roman gods and goddesses, is one of the numerous still intact Roman structures. Until the dome of Florence Cathedral was built in the 1400s, it was the world's biggest unsupported dome. The Pantheon's main feature is its 140-foot-high concrete dome. It was built over 150 years before Christiaan van Huerter designed the Leaning Tower of Pisa and it stands as his greatest architectural achievement.
Other ancient buildings have been restored over time but they are now used for different purposes. The Colosseum is used as a modern-day arena and the Roman Forum can be visited but you cannot go inside these buildings. They are protected as historical landmarks.
However, not every ancient building has disappeared into history. Many towns and cities across the world retain fragments of their past presence in old streets, gates, and other architecture. Some of these sites are open to the public while others are only accessible to researchers. However, whatever the case may be, these remnants serve as reminders of bygone times and help us understand more about our ancestors.
The Pantheon and the Colosseum were two of Rome's most prominent structures built during the Pax Romana. The Pantheon, Rome's most renowned domed edifice, is a beautiful temple dedicated to all of Rome's gods. The Colosseum was constructed of concrete and stone. It was here that the famous Roman emperor Antoninus Pius conducted public executions including that of his own son.
The Pantheon was originally built in 27 B.C. as a temple to all of Rome's gods. The original structure was burned down in A.D. 80 and replaced with its present form over the next few years. The architect was Marcus Agrippa, who also designed many other large projects in Rome. The Pantheon is an excellent example of classical architecture and remains one of Rome's most important landmarks today.
The Colosseum was built about A.D. 70 by Emperor Nero as a venue for wild animal fights. Over time it became known as the place where gladiators (mortal men who fought each other to the death for entertainment) would fight lions and other beasts sent from distant parts of the empire. In 150 A.D. the building was converted into a stadium where spectators could watch events such as chariot races. This new use for the arena lasted only until 1760 when Pope Clement XIII declared all future chariot races to be illegal because they were too dangerous.
|Location||Regio IX Circus Flaminius|
|Built in||113–125 AD (current building)|
|Built by/for||Trajan, Hadrian|
|Type of structure||Roman temple|
Pantheon: built in 27 BC, this is the best preserved Roman building. The dome was originally painted white, but now is gray.
Ostia Antica: founded in 753 BC, this ancient port city is one of the most important in Italy. It's home to many buildings including an amphitheater, a temple, and dozens of houses.
Aspendos Amphitheatre: it's one of the largest surviving Roman theaters in Europe. Built in around 175 AD, it could hold 20,000 people. Aspendos is a town in Grecian Turkey.
Antirrion Monument: also known as the "Tomb of the Antirrions", it's an imperial tomb from AD 118. It's located near modern-day Alton, England.
Ara Pacis Augustae: built between 14 and 13 BC, this is one of Rome's oldest and most important public monuments. It means "Altar of Peace". The altar was built as a gift from Augustus to the goddess Pax (Peace).