Ellora's unique focal point is the Kailasa Temple. This massive edifice, built to resemble Mount Kailash, was cut out of a single rock and covers an area twice the size of Athens' Parthenon. 4. The Queens' Valley The Valley of the Queens is an ancient Egyptian burial ground for Pharaoh's wives. It is located in what is now the city of Cairo, Egypt. The queens were buried with their husbands, next to them or even beneath them in separate graves. The location of these tombs has been discovered through ancient writings and many of the queens are still intact after thousands of years.
The most famous queen who was buried at The Queens' Valley was Queen Nefertiti. She went by the name "the beautiful one who lives forever." The only known photograph of her has black lines painted on it to indicate where she should be placed in relation to King Tutankhamen at a later date.
Books that mention The Queens' Valley include: A History of Egypt from the Origins to the Present Day, by Kenneth Mackenzie; Who's Who in Ancient Egypt, by John Taylor; and The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, by Donald Redford.
It has four almost symmetrical sides, similar to the Egyptian pyramids. It is the most noticeable due to its gleaming snow-covered summit. There are five temples in all around this sacred peak. Every temple is cloaked in mystery and mythology. Five monasteries encircle Mount Kailash. They are all equally important.
The first three are known as the "Ancient Monastery," while the last two are called the "Younger Monastery." The five temples on Mount Kailash cover an area of about 20 acres (8.1 hectares).
The first monastery built on Mount Kailash was called Drepung. It was established by Indian monks from Tibet who came to Nepal to practice Buddhism. Today, this is one of the largest Buddhist universities in Asia.
The second monastery, named Ganden, was also founded by Tibetan monks. It's location is said to be near the birthplace of Buddha.
The third monastery, named Sera, was also founded by Tibetan monks. It's location is said to be near the place where Lord Shiva killed his son.
These three monasteries are ancient ones. But the last two temples on Mount Kailash were only built a few years ago. They are called Tashi Lhunpo and Taktsang Lhunpo. Tashi Lhunpo means "Buddha's Light" in Tibetan.
Temple of Kailasa Ellora's Kailasa Temple
|Temple from the rock behind it|
Sumerian pyramid-shaped temple called a ziggurat. The word comes from a Turkish language term for "to climb," as these structures were used as landmarks for travelers on the ancient Silk Road.
Modern equivalents include Hindu and Buddhist temples that often have a single spire or many smaller ones instead of a single large one. These buildings are usually constructed out of brick or stone and contain chambers where priests could sleep during long ceremonies.
Pyramids are famous for their ability to reflect light in a way that is visible from far away. They can also be used to focus sunlight into a small area where it can do some damage. Both qualities were needed by ancient farmers who built them as markers to help guide crops and animals in the right direction during nighttime maneuvers or when it was dark out.
In modern times, pyramids have become important symbols of power and prestige and have been built by many countries around the world. Some contemporary pyramids are huge structures such as those at Giza in Egypt or Sanxia in China. But most are much smaller, only a few stories high with a base larger than they are tall. These are known as statuary pyramids because they contain figures that stand along their sides.
During the New Kingdom period, ancient Egyptian temples included six major components. These are the components:
The temple complex has 26 acres of land. It was built with three different types of stones: chlorite, laterite, and khondalite. Chlorite is a greenish-yellow clay stone that is soft when fresh and hardens with time. Laterite is a dark reddish-brown stone that gets darker with age. Khondalite is a bright yellow stone that also changes color with age.
The temples of Odisha are famous all over India for their architecture and sculpture. They show influence from various other cultures including Egypt, Greece, Rome and Persia. The main deity in all the temples is Hindu God Shiva. He is usually shown in a peaceful state but sometimes he too is seen fighting demons.
You can see Chlorite Rock inside the Puri Jagannath Temple complex. This rock looks like it has been cut into pieces and placed inside the temple. This shows how ancient the rock is and how long it has been there.
Khondalite is the name given to the source of gold found in some parts of India. So, the temples use this precious metal to make offerings to God.
Bhubaneswar and Konark temples are made out of laterite rocks. These are large monolithic structures located in eastern Odisha.
The Temple Mount is a fortified complex located atop the Western Wall in Jerusalem's Old City. Two spectacular monuments are located within the compound: the Dome of the Rock to the north and the Al-Aqsa Mosque to the south. The Dome of the Rock stands in the place where the Holy Jewish Temple once stood. It was built by the Arab Islamic leader, Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abdallah al-Sabbagh, also known as "the Great" or "the Noble" (813–886). The Al-Aqsa Mosque is one of the holiest sites in Islam and has been called the "Third Temple" because it resembles the destroyed temple of ancient Israel. The current structure on the site dates only from the 12th century but it has been rebuilt several times since then.
The Temple Mount is sacred ground for Jews and Christians. In Judaism, there is no such thing as a holy site - only places that have been consecrated as such by a recognized authority. The Temple Mount has been so designated because it was here, according to Jewish tradition, that the first temple stood. According to the Bible, Solomon's temple was at this same location; however, this building was not constructed by hand but by slaves working under the direction of their masters. After this incident, the site remained vacant for over 300 years until the construction of the second temple.