In England, there are many Tudor houses, some of which are still inhabited today. Lavenham in Suffolk is well-known for its Tudor architecture. A wooden frame (connected together by wooden pegs rather than nails) was common in Tudor dwellings, as was a tall chimney, a steep roof, and an enclosed fireplace. In larger towns and cities such as London, York, and Cambridge, you will also find that much of the housing stock before 1900 was made up of townhouses and terraced houses. These were usually built out of brick with stone dressings and had several floors containing small rooms called "shops".
The most famous Tudor house in England is probably Hampton Court Palace. This magnificent building is all that's left of the original palace built by Henry VIII. It has been used as a residence ever since then, except for a short time after 1626 when it was given to one of Charles I's judges who saved it from destruction at the hands of British rebels during the English Civil War.
Today, Hampton Court Palace is open to the public as a museum. It's very popular with tourists so make sure to book tickets in advance if you want to see this amazing place.
Other notable Tudor houses in England include Hatfield House, Kedleston Hall, Middleton Castle, Pocklington Castle, Syon House, and Wentworth Woodhouse.
I can't speak about the castle, but the residences you've shown are built in the Tudor style. The overhang is known as a jetty, and the method is known as jettying. It increases available space without impeding the street and provides shelter from inclement weather. Furthermore, why are the homes in Lavenham crooked? That's how the town grew -- projects like this were often funded by share issues, where investors would fund the development of a section of the town at a time. As these projects took off, so did the need for more housing, which led to more jettying.
The jettyed buildings look beautiful, but they're also very unstable. Over time, wind and rain have been known to cause many of them to collapse. In fact, one of the largest landowners in Lavenham at one point was just making shells out of wood and plastering them up as rental properties. There were so many that they became known as "the ghost village".
In 1872, all jettying was banned by law. From then on, developers tried to make their projects look nice by adding features like ornate doorways and windows. But even with such additions, most people just didn't want to live in castles or straight-sided boxes, so the trend went back toward cruder designs as soon as money ran out.
There are actually several ghost villages in Lavenham.
Tudor homes are expensive to build because they employ so many various types of construction materials and pricey, intricate embellishments. As a result, they are most commonly seen in wealthier suburbs. Innovations in masonry methods made brick and stone homes more economical to build in the early 1900s. However, their aesthetic quality and craftsmanship was considered superior by then, so they remain popular today.
Tudor homes tend to be larger than other house styles due to requirements for space for servants' rooms and amenities such as kitchens. This means that they can cost up to 10 times as much as a small house. Also, because they use so many different types of materials, they can be difficult to repair or update. Finally, because of their size and complexity, they require a lot of labor to construct. All of these factors combine to make Tudor houses quite expensive to build and live in.
There are several varieties of Tudor homes. Some are primarily made of brick or stone, while others have wood frames with decorative panels made of wood or plaster. Many have very elaborate exterior decor including carved wood beams, floral decorations, and painted ceilings. Some have tower rooms or dormers with sloping roofs that go all the way to the ground. These additions to the main house structure allow for more living area without increasing the footprint of the yard. They are especially common in warmer climates like California where cooling ocean winds are used instead.
Meanwhile, the Tudor heritage can be seen throughout the island, whether in our greatest cities or in more rural areas. Every county in England and Wales has its own Tudor jewel waiting to be discovered, from Pembrokeshire to East Anglia, and from Cornwall to Northumberland.
These are some of the most important castles during the reign of Henry VIII:
Windsor Castle - London
This is the favorite residence of Queen Elizabeth II. It was built by King Edward IV in 1483 and later modified by Henry VIII. Today it is a royal palace and estate owned by the Royal Family. It is unrivaled as a royal residence, with an extensive collection of art treasures including one of the world's best collections of English paintings.
Caernarfon Castle - Gwynedd
It was built between 1267 and 1282 by Edward I as a defense mechanism against the invading Welsh. The castle has been restored by the government after it suffered major damage during the 16th century when it was used by the English as a military prison. Now it is a museum where visitors can see many rooms with medieval furniture and artwork.
Penzance Castle - Cornwall
It was built in 1337 by Sir Walter de Penzance as a fortress to protect Plymouth from attack by pirates and invaders.