The complex consists of a number of ancient buildings that are considered to be the best preserved Mayan ruins in El Salvador. The Tazumal site is around 6 miles (2 km2) in size and has features such as pyramids, tombs, workshops, and a complicated drainage system. It was first settled around 300 BC and became a major city sometime between 100 and 500 AD.
There are actually two main sites at Tazumal: one is the main site with the most important structures and another smaller site across the highway from the main site that has some interesting pieces too. Both sites are managed by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH). Admission to the main site is free but it costs $5 to enter the small site. There are tour guides available at both sites who can tell you more about the history of Tazumal.
If you're interested in seeing more ancient civilizations, Tazumal is only about an hour and a half drive from San Salvador. You can visit other Mayan sites along the way if Tazumal isn't for you.
However, if you would like to see more modern wonders too, Tazumal is not the place for you. There aren't any big names in sight at this site so it's more of a peaceful place to get away from it all.
Tazumal Tazumal's Maya ruins
|The Maya ruins of Tazumal|
|Location of the site Show map of Mesoamerica Show map of El Salvador Show all|
|Location||Santa Ana Department, El Salvador|
El Mirador, the "lost metropolis of the Maya," is home to one of the world's biggest pyramids. In the heart of the northern Guatemalan forest, a massive stone edifice protrudes above the treetops. However, the construction is one of the world's biggest pyramids, and it is part of the "lost metropolis of the Maya." El Mirador was first discovered in 1996, when local farmers began to excavate a large area of land looking for rubber trees. During their work, they uncovered an enormous pyramid surrounded by hundreds of other structures.
El Mirador is not well preserved, but researchers have been able to piece together some information about its history. They know that it was built between 250 and 600 AD and that it belonged to a powerful ruler who called himself "K'inich Janaab' Pakal". The name on one of the archways at the entrance to the city translates to "He Will Rise Again". It is believed that this king had two different names, one given to him by his subjects and another one used by himself.
During the Classic Period (250-900 AD), El Mirador was one of the most important cities in the Mayan region. It has been suggested that this king sent his soldiers far away to fight battles. When they returned home, they would tell others about these wars, which allowed El Mirador to expand its influence.
After 100 years or so, the city started to decline. There are several possible reasons for this.
Imagine building all of these pyramids and structures without any of the technological tools we have today. There are hundreds of Mayan ruins in Mexico, Belize, Honduras, and Guatemala, but the Yucatan Peninsula (which includes Tulum, Playa del Carmen, and Cancun) boasts some of the most stunning. The Maya built their cities as much for spiritual reasons as for political or military purposes; they wanted to make sure that after they died they would be able to go to paradise. The Mayans believed that only a few people would be able to reach heaven, so they built their cities with access in mind.
Tulum is one of the best-preserved Mayan cities and was originally a small town on the coast of what is now Mexico. Today, it is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico. The city was built around 1450-1520 AD and consisted of an area of about two square miles with a population of about 5,000 people. It is estimated that approximately 10,000 workers contributed to its construction.
The heart of Tulum is a large plaza surrounded by temples and other buildings. Here you can see evidence of the original color of the stone: black, white, and red. Although the city has been preserved, it's important to remember that the majority of it is made up of excavated artifacts.
There are several ways to visit Tulum.
It was constructed around 200 AD and is still one of the greatest constructions of its sort in Mesoamerica. The pyramid reaches 216 feet above ground and has a base area of 730 by 760 feet. It may be located between the Pyramid of the Moon and the Ciudadela on the Avenue of the Dead. It is part of a vast complex at the historic city's core. The pyramid stands out among its contemporaries not only because of its size, but also because it is made of white limestone instead of the usual dark volcanic tuff.
The Pyramid of the Sun was built as a memorial to King Chichén-Itzá (also called K'inich Janaab' Pakal), who reigned from 1472 to 1468. He was a great warrior who helped unify the kingdoms of Mexico after they were divided up following the fall of the Teotihuacán Empire. According to some historians, he even went so far as to defeat the invading Europeans once!
Chichén-Itzá was probably born into slavery but became one of the most powerful rulers in ancient Mexico. He fought many battles, including ones against other pyramids, and established his own empire which included parts of present-day Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. However, this empire soon collapsed due to internal violence and foreign invasion and Chichén-Itzá eventually lost control of his territories. He died about 1468 while fighting another battle against another pyramid group near Cuernavaca.