The Tulum Archaeological Site has Mayan structures located on a coastal cliff. The Tulum Archaeological Zone provides easy access to the Cancun pyramids. The site covers about 150 acres (60 hectares) near the town of Tulum on the coast of Quintana Roo, Mexico.
The Tulum archaeological zone contains several large pyramids and other structures built by the Maya between 300 and 900 AD. They are among the largest and most complex works of architecture from this period of Mexican history. The site is especially famous for its large pyramids which include a main temple pyramid and two smaller satellite pyramids. There are also ball courts, tombs, and an ancient market area with residential buildings.
The Tulum ruins can be visited by tourists who want to see some of the oldest archeological sites in North America. Guided tours are available in Spanish or English. A popular excursion is to climb the steep stairs up the side of one of the pyramids for a view of the ocean and surrounding countryside.
Tulum was originally an island, but over time it was washed away by sea level changes. This is why there are no lakes at Tulum - there weren't even any trees when the city was built!
The Top 8 Mayan Ruins in Mexico
In addition to Tulum and Chichen Itza, we would recommend the Coba ruins and Ek Balam. Please read our page on the Mayan Ruins for more information on their location as well as some background information.
Coba is an important site because it was here that the last ruler of the Mayan Empire, Kukulkan, also known as Quetzalcoatl, died. The Spaniards who discovered the site in 1570 believed that it was Akbal, the god of death, who had killed Kukulkan, but this was probably due to confusion with another important site named Coba.
Ek Balam is a traditional Maya city that sits on an island in a large natural pond. The site is only accessible by boat, so visitors need to contact one of the local guides in order to make arrangements to visit. There are no official tours available from outside groups, but several locals who work with travelers regularly offer expeditions into the surrounding area. These trips usually include visiting other sites as well as eating and drinking at local establishments.
The name "Tulum" comes from the Mayan word "tul", which means "end" or "final". The city was once the end of a trade route that stretched from Mexico to Central America.
The Pyramid of the Sun and Pyramid of the Moon at Teotihuacan in central Mexico, the Castillo at Chichen Itza in the Yucatan, the Great Pyramid in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, the Pyramid at Cholula, and the Inca's great temple at Cuzco in Peru are among the most well-known Latin American pyramids. Although not considered true pyramids because they do not consist of stacked stones but rather shaped mounds of dirt, they are still included in this list.
You can see all the pyramids listed above together on a walking tour from Mexico City. They are all within an hour's drive of each other.
In addition to these five major pyramids, Mexico has many smaller pyramid structures, some of which are actually tombs. These include the Pyramids of Xicuirán in Puebla, which date back about 600 years; and the El Tajin pyramid in Veracruz, which is estimated to be around 400 years old.
Pyramids were important to the ancient people who built them because they could only be constructed out of solid rock. This showed that these people had power and wealth since only a small group of people could afford to spend their time and money on building such monuments. The pyramids were used as tombs for the elites of the time or sometimes just for priests. However, many common people were also buried under the pyramids' floors.
Tulum, as we know it now, has been shaped by each new generation of residents, with their distinct characteristics and inspirations. Like a result, many of the buildings, as in other Mayan remains on the Yucatan Peninsula, combine diverse architectural styles depending on the era in which they were erected or expanded upon. 3. Tulum Ruins: 4 Fascinating Facts.
On top of the steps, one or more real stairs are often erected, leading to a temple or sanctuary at the summit. The Mayan pyramids are generally smaller than the Egyptian pyramids at Giza, but they are steeper and more decorative. They were made of stone blocks that were bonded together with lime mortar. The edges of the stones were sometimes smoothed down with a tool called a "talatak".
The Mayan pyramids were built over a much longer period of time. Some were already extinct when Christ arrived in Mexico. But others had not yet been built yet when he died. And some were still being built during the early years after his death.
They are found in many parts of Mexico, but especially in the center and south. There are also several pyramids in Guatemala. One very large pyramid is in El Petén (in southern Mexico) which may be the largest in North America.
The name "Maya" comes from Mexica, the language of the Aztecs who lived in central Mexico when the Spanish arrived. The word "maya" means wise in Mexica.
There are many questions about the history and meaning of the Mayan pyramids. Scientists think they might have been used for ceremonial purposes. Some believe they were even part of a city that was destroyed by an earthquake or flood and then rebuilt using the same design and material as the original structures.
Coba, an ancient Maya metropolis that flourished between 800 and 1100 C.E., is home to two spectacular pyramids: the Iglesia and the Castillo (the second largest pyramid in the Yucatan peninsula). Both structures, half-ruined and overgrown with vegetation, appear to have been just found, creating a fascinating, almost mystical atmosphere. They are only reachable by foot or horseback.
There are no other pyramids in Coba. However, the city was once surrounded by a large complex of buildings, including palaces, temples, and ball courts that were constructed using stone brought from all over the Yucatán Peninsula. Some believe that these buildings were used as administrative centers for the city-state, while others think they were primarily religious in nature. There are also signs that it may have been used as a sort of resort area during certain times of year when water levels were low enough for people to walk across some of the swifter currents.
In addition to the Iglesia and the Castillo, another notable feature of Coba is its large, open plaza, which has many columns supporting a wooden roof. The entire structure was probably used as a temple where priests could hold ceremonies and teach lessons to students from around the kingdom.
Coba is located on the northeast coast of the Yucatán Peninsula, about 250 kilometers from Merida. It can be reached by bus from Mérida or Chemax.