When the period of flood approached, a branch of the Nile River reached the Pyramids region, and the pyramids' reflection was visible on the water. The pyramids now tower tall in the center of Egypt's busy, massive city.
Although most people think of Egypt when they hear about pyramids, it is actually just one of many different cultures that have built them over time. Some of the others include: India, Pakistan, Syria, and America (the Great Pyramid of Giza).
Each culture that has used stone to build their pyramids has done so for a reason; some do it for religious reasons, while others do it for political reasons. But whatever their reasons, one thing remains the same across time: building stones are needed to construct pyramids.
In fact, there are several varieties of rock used to build pyramids, including sandstone, granite, limestone, and clay. All of these materials can be found in Egypt, and they were probably shipped here for this purpose.
It takes a lot of labor to build a pyramid! There are several thousands of people who have lived and died trying to complete the projects shown below.
There are several ways that archaeologists try to estimate how long it would take people to build various structures using only natural resources. One method is called "calendar counting".
The Nile River's Importance for Egypt's Pyramids When it came time to build, the nearest supply of granite was over a thousand kilometers distant. But, owing to the Nile, those hard, hefty rocks could be moved. The Nile has provided Egypt prosperity, resulting in the rise of megacities such as Cairo.
The present Nile canal is five miles from the pyramids, which is a great way to haul large pieces of stone.
Because the pharaoh's soul was thought to connect with the sun disc during its fall before continuing with the sun in its eternal circle, the pyramids were frequently built on the western bank of the Nile. There are several reasons for this preference that include the fact that the path of the sun disc is along the horizon when it is morning or evening, and this is where we would expect to find it.
This explanation may seem somewhat arbitrary, but the Egyptians themselves did not understand their reason for building on the west side of the river. They just knew that it was so, and that is all that matters for an explanation like this one.
There are other examples of this type of construction around the world. For example, people in Mexico used to say that the Devil lived in the central highlands because they found many churches there. But why would anyone want to live near so many churches? Because they thought that the Devil's power was greatest in a large city with many temples and priests.
In fact, this same idea may have led to the construction of most early Christian churches which clustered together in cities to provide more space for worship. This is still true today with many people joining churches that are close by each other in small towns or suburbs.