Scaffolding According to OSHA rules, most scaffolding higher than 10 feet from the ground should have toeboards at least four inches high on all exposed sides of the scaffolding. Ship scaffolding, on the other hand, can have three-quarter inch by one-and-a-half inch toeboards instead of the normal four-inch toeboards. The boards are used as a walkway for workers while they are on the structure.
The toeboard requirement applies only to exposed sides of the scaffold. If you're working in an area where there's no way for a falling board to hit someone, like behind a wall or under a roof, then it's not necessary. However, if you stand any chance of being hit by a falling board, then you should install them. Boards don't cost that much and even a few minutes saved per job can add up over time.
Scaffolding is used for building large structures such as bridges and buildings without having to build them directly out of solid material. Instead, scaffolds provide support for workers who are able to climb up into the structure while still others work below them on the ground. Scaffolds also help protect people from falling objects during construction or repair projects.
There are two main types of scaffolds: horizontal and vertical. Horizontal scaffolds are constructed of boards held together with rope or wire between the boards and stacked on top of each other.
Toeboards must be at least 3 1/2 inches (8.9 cm) height from the top edge to the floor and able to sustain 50 pounds (22.2 N) of force exerted in either direction. If you have a raised floor, then the threshold should be higher to avoid damage to the flooring.
The best way to determine if your toeboard will meet code requirements is to call a professional installer who can measure for you.
However, you can estimate how high your toeboard needs to be by using this formula: Height of toeboard = 3 1/2 x length of shoe in inches (88 x shoe size in centimeters). For example, if you wear a 9 1/4 shoe, then your toeboard should be 10 feet tall (30.5 cm).
This formula only gives an approximate answer. It assumes that you walk on level ground with regular shoes. If you wear boots or tennis shoes, then you should add more height to your toeboard.
The code requires that your toeboard be stable but not too rigid. If you have any doubts about whether your toeboard will meet these requirements, then you should get it measured by a professional.
You should also check your local building codes before you install a toeboard.
Ten feet Employers must prevent any person on a scaffold more than 10 feet (3.1 m) above a lower level from falling to that lower level, according to the regulation. The regulation does not specify how this requirement should be met.
The regulation applies only to construction sites; it does not cover mines or other places where people may work at heights. It also does not apply to workers who are using scaffolds for maintenance or repair purposes.
People working on roofs require fall protection for the same reason people working on floors do: to prevent injuries to workers and others below. Roofs are dangerous places to work because they are often wet and may contain obstacles such as water pipes and electricity wiring. People who work on roofs can suffer serious injuries if they fall off of their jobsite. Falling from a roof can also be fatal.
People who work on scaffolds need protection from falling off of their scaffolds too. Scaffolds are used throughout society in building projects of all sizes as an easy way to get work done above floor level. Just like people working on floors, people working on roofs require fall protection for their own safety and to prevent damage to their jobsite.
Ropes are the most common form of fall protection for workers on scaffolds.
7.4 A toe board must have a notional vertical height of 15 cm from the top edge to the level of the floor, platform, runway, or ramp. It must be attached firmly with no more than 6 cm space above the floor level. A toe board does not need to be flat: it can have a slight slope so long as it is horizontal on the floor.
That's about 2 feet 7 inches. As you can see, this is not an optional detail; it's mandatory for people who walk on toes. The requirement is found in the American National Standard for Pedestrian Facilities, section 4.3.1, "Toe Boards". The standard was written back in 1974, before many airports had even considered installing any kind of boarding system that didn't involve humans. At that time, all airports still used a simple switch-based system called "push-to-board" that required passengers to push a button to signal that they were ready to be boarded. This was necessary because there was no way for the airport to know which buttons needed to be pressed and where exactly each passenger was sitting in relation to the buttons.
The reason why these buttons were only pushed by passengers who wanted to be boarded is because anyone could simply hold down the button until they were selected for boarding. There was no way to prevent this since there was no way for the airport to know who was pressing the buttons and who wasn't.
Scaffolding Security This includes any building supplies or tools that you may have used while working on the scaffold. Scaffolds should be able to support at least four times their maximum designed load in most cases. Use of boxes or ladders to raise your working height is not permitted. These items may need to be secured to the scaffold with locks or ropes to prevent misuse.
Ladders are heavy, bulky, and difficult to store. There are several different types of scaffolds for various applications. Some scaffolds are designed to be completely disassembled and stored in a small space when not in use. Other scaffolds are built to remain as one piece during storage and transportation to the job site.
Ladder safety When using a ladder to reach elevated work areas, keep these tips in mind:
Don't climb a ladder to finish a job you started from ground level. Save that for later! Climbing a ladder increases your risk of injury. Don't try to rush through tasks that require careful attention or skilled work. Take your time and do a good job the first time around.
Keep all parts of the ladder clear for easy access. If anything is blocking a rung, it could cause damage to itself or someone else. Avoid standing on top of a ladder unless it is part of your standard operating procedure.