A mosque, Arabic masjid, or "jami" in Islam is any dwelling or open location for worship. According to the Quran, only God should be worshipped, therefore a mosque should be able to accommodate all types of religions that exist today. Islam allows for religious tolerance within the limits of good behavior. Any type of structure can be converted into a mosque if its purpose is to serve Muslims in their daily prayers.
In the medieval period, mosques were usually built with large halls attached to them where public meetings and other affairs within the community was held. These may have been used by Jews as well as Muslims. Today, mosques often retain some of these additional rooms which are used for this purpose or for storage.
The word "mosque" comes from an Arabic term meaning "place of prostration". This refers to the act of praying toward the direction of Mecca during the prayer ritual (salat). As long as you perform this act once in a while, anyone can pray inside a mosque; there are no special positions for priests or pastors. Anyone who has faith in Allah is welcome to enter a mosque anytime to pray.
Yes, anyone can build a mosque. The only requirement is that it must be used for prayer times.
Though the mosque as a whole has undergone numerous architectural alterations, the structure remains primarily an open area, often roofed over, with a mihrab and a minbar, and occasionally a minaret added to it. These elements are important features of a mosque for worship.
The word comes from the Persian word mosheh meaning a place of prayer. In the post-salvation period, prophets have restored faith to many people who had lost it. Thus many people needed places where they could pray; so buildings were erected for this purpose. Jesus Christ himself was crucified on a wooden cross. After his death, his followers held prayer meetings in the temple courts, but it was not until after the destruction of the temple that they acquired land to build their own churches. Those who work with the Lord need places where they can pray for guidance and strength before they take action. Even if you're not a believer, you need places where you can pray because God wants us to take time out to communicate with him.
In conclusion, a building is used for Islamic worship if it contains a mihrab and a minbar.
The most basic mosque would be a prayer room with a wall marked with a "mihrab"—a niche designating the direction of Mecca that Muslims should face when praying. A traditional mosque will also have a minaret, a dome, and a space to wash before prayer. These elements help Muslims orient themselves within the world and remind them of the importance of prayer.
In addition to helping Muslims find their way in life, the layout of a mosque makes it easier for worshippers to pray. The mihrab points toward Mecca, so Muslims know where they should face during prayers. In a large mosque, there may be separate rooms for men and women, which helps segregation during prayer. And since washing is required before prayer, the location of the bathroom near the mosque entrance makes sense.
Mosques are important structures that play an integral role in defining Islamic identity. They can be found in almost every city across the globe—some old, others new. Some mosques were built following local traditions while others were designed by renowned architects. No two mosques are the same, which means that there is no single style or design that defines a "true" mosque. However, they all share common features such as the mihrab and the minaret, which help worshippers navigate around the room and locate the right place during prayer.