Steel mesh is not the same as rebar. In many situations, fiber reinforced concrete may be used instead of steel mesh. Fiber comes in a variety of forms, and new ones are always being studied and created. Polypropylene fibers are well recognized, however there are others available depending on the situation. They are usually mixed with water and cement to make them more flexible and moldable.
Rebar is generally defined as a length of steel with specific dimensions. It is used in construction to provide tensile strength in compression members (such as beams and columns) and to carry lateral loads away from buildings or other structures. The word "rebar" comes from the Latin word for "backbone". Although bone has mostly given way to metal as a building material, it is still called "rebarbed" or "rebored" when used in construction projects.
Rebar can be carbon or stainless steel. But most often, it is high-strength steel. The two main types of rebar are hollow and solid. Hollow rebar is used where space is limited, while solid rebar is used where weight is important such as in large support beams. Rebars range in size from under an inch to over 2 feet long. The diameter ranges from 1/4 inch to 1 inch.
Rebar is commonly used in construction projects to provide structural support.
Steel fibers and rebar are both required at times, and only in a few restricted circumstances can one successfully replace the other. Simply put, steel fibers prevent cracks while rebar restricts crack breadth. Both methods are necessary for any structure even remotely subject to stress or strain.
Fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) is a composite material made from fibers embedded in a polymer matrix. It's often used instead of steel in applications where corrosion resistance and light weight are important. FRP is now used instead of steel in many sports facilities like basketball courts and tennis stadiums because it is more resistant to wear and tear. Fiber-optic cable is another term for glass fibers used in communications technology and engineering. The word "mesh" is also used as a synonym for "fiber-optic cable."
You can use FRP in place of steel in a variety of structures if you know what you're doing. The best part is that it's completely recyclable. That means you don't need to worry about landfill space for discarded cables or mats. They can be recycled again once they become old or obsolete.
There are several types of fiber-reinforced plastics, but all work on the same basic principle. The type of fiber you select will determine how much strength you get out of the material.
Welded wire mesh or fabric mesh is a lighter, thinner alternative to rebar for reinforcing concrete slabs. As a result, it takes less concrete to keep it in place while yet providing additional support like traditional rebar. Welded wire mesh does not provide as much strength as thicker rebar. However, because of its light weight and ease of use, it is still generally preferred over rebar where weight isn't an issue.
Welded wire mesh comes in several different sizes and shapes. It is sold by the linear foot and can be used alone or in combination with other types of welded wire mesh. Like rebar, welded wire mesh is available in multiple colors (usually white or gray) so it can be easily identified on slabs.
Welded wire mesh has many advantages over rebar including: reduced cost relative to steel bar; no special tools are required for installation; and it can be cut to fit openings with a power saw or hole punch. Disadvantages include lack of compression strength and inability to carry tension loads.
Slabs reinforced with welded wire mesh will take longer to dry than those reinforced with rebar due to there being fewer gaps between pieces of mesh. This can be a problem if you plan to paint or stain the slab later since most stains require moisture to adhere to the surface.
In a concrete construction, reinforcing steel—rods, bars, or mesh—absorbs tensile, shear, and occasionally compressive stresses. The tensile strength of steel and the compressive strength of concrete work together in reinforced concrete to allow the member to withstand these stresses over long distances. The amount of reinforcement used is based on the expected load on the concrete and the required reliability (safety factor). Reinforcement reduces the risk of failure for the concrete structure.
In concrete structures, steel rebar is used to improve their stability and durability while providing necessary support. Concrete has high compressive strength but low tensile strength; therefore, it is essential to provide some form of tension in order to keep it strong and stable.
In concrete structures, reinforcement can be seen in three forms: continuous reinforcement, discrete reinforcement, and hybrid reinforcement. Continuous reinforcement is used in large members where quality control concerns make it impractical to use individual sections. For example, a continuous strand of wire is placed within each layer of concrete during construction of a highway bridge to give it greater strength and stability. Discrete reinforcement consists of small bars or wires spaced at regular intervals throughout the concrete. These reinforcements are useful in bringing up damaged areas or filling in for missing pieces of the concrete structure. Hybrid reinforcement uses strands of wire as continuous reinforcement along with smaller amounts of bar reinforcement here and there for added depth.
Even if the steel reinforcement (rebar) is incorporated in the concrete, it is nevertheless corrosive. Concrete corrosion deteriorates the bars, diminishing the structure's total load-carrying capacity and increasing the chance of structural failure or collapse. Corrosion also may cause the bar to be no longer attractive, which could affect its appearance and possible use in decorative applications.
In addition to causing deterioration of the rebar, moisture from wet concrete attacksthe reinforcing material itself by penetrating into the grain of the bar. The resulting oxygenated surface area provides a site for oxidation that leads to loss of metal and should be maintained out of reach of water. Concrete that is used as an exterior wall material should be protected from the weather with a waterproof barrier such as siding or stucco.
Moisture that enters the concrete through cracks will not be able to escape and will remain there until the source is removed. As the trapped moisture increases in amount, so does the pressure, causing more serious problems to develop. Cracks will open up further due to the increased stress, allowing even more water to enter. This cycle can lead to major damage or destruction of the concrete structure.
It is important to note that even if the rebar is not submerged in the concrete, it can still be damaged by drying out.