Because the Parthenon is undergoing substantial renovations, a portion of it will be covered with scaffolding for an extended period of time. Even so, it's a spectacular sight to behold. You are not permitted to step on the Parthenon, however you are permitted to stroll around its whole perimeter. 2,100 steps lead up to the top of the Acropolis, where there are stunning views over Athens.
The temple was built in 447 B.C. by the Athenian leader Pericles at the behest of his daughter. He wanted something magnificent to commemorate her birth year. The building campaign lasted twenty years and was finished by 432 B.C. When it was completed, the Parthenon stood as the largest temple in Greece (by volume). It was also one of the most innovative buildings of its time. The architects used new techniques that they probably learned from Egypt (where the Pyramids were being built at this same time) to create a structure that was light yet strong enough to hold up the weight of the gold leaf that was used to cover the exterior. They also designed the interior to accommodate a vast array of beautiful marble sculptures.
In 1687, a Turkish army under the command of Ahmed III destroyed much of the temple. It was not rebuilt until 1801 under Napoleon. Today, the only parts of the original structure that remain are the façade and the top of the pediment.
The Parthenon is the Acropolis' focal point. There are also some great views from outside the walls of the Acropolis area.
You can enter the Parthenon through the Propylaea, which is on the west side of the building. As you approach the entrance, you will see a row of columns with an arch above them. This is where visitors usually get their photos taken before entering the temple itself. Once inside, you will see that there are three large entrances into the cella, the innermost part of the building. These entrances were used by priests to offer sacrifices and plead cases before an oracle.
The Parthenon was built in 447 B.C. by the Athenian leader Pericles. It was originally painted red, white, and black, but now it is mostly white with blue and yellow decorations. The Parthenon stands on the highest point of the Acropolis and has two stories plus a gallery upstairs. There are no stairs leading up to the top floor because they would be too difficult to maintain during festival times when hundreds of people came to watch performances below.
This is the primary reason that many travelers come to Athens. The Parthenon for the first time after stepping through the Propylaea. There are also some great views from outside the temple area.
The temple was built in 447 BC by the Athenian architect Iktinos and his team of sculptors and painters. It was originally covered in gold leaf and marble, but now only the outer walls and the roof remain. The interior of the building is empty except for some small rooms called niches where statues once stood.
The total cost of the project was approximately 12 million drachmas ($4.5 million today). According to Plutarch, Pericles said that he was "rich enough, but would have been happy if he had been able to build another Parthenon".
Since 1829, when it was damaged in a fire, the structure has been under conservation efforts. Today, the temple looks just as it did 2,400 years ago when it was completed.
The view from the top of the Acropolis is one of the most beautiful in Athens. You can see all over town from here; including the New Acropolis Museum which isn't even open yet!
The view of the Parthenon from Centennial Park's playground is stunning, and it's free! You can see it from downtown Denver. The park also has tennis courts, ball fields, and more.
You can walk up to the temple's entrance for views across the city. Inside the entrance are large marble statues of Athena and Poseidon by the Greek sculptor Phidias. The original oil paintings on the inside of the temple's metopes (the flat parts between the architrave and frieze) were destroyed when Benjamin Harrison used the building for a wedding ceremony in 1856. But the drawings that show how they looked before they were painted can be seen online at the Art Institute of Chicago.
You can climb the 315 steps to the top of the temple for a view that takes in most of the city. You'll need about an hour to see everything, so leave some time to take pictures!
The Parthenon was built as a temple to the goddess Athena. It was completed in 447 BC under the direction of Pericles, who wanted to make Athens the leading city of Greece.