Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel (born December 15, 1832 in Dijon, France) was a notable French architect and structural engineer who was the second designer of the interior structural parts of the Statue of Liberty. His contributions to the design of this icon are often overlooked because of the fame of his colleague Frédéric Bartholdi.
The statue is one of the best-known landmarks of New York City and has become an emblem of America. It was created as a gift to the people of the United States by the citizens of France in honor of the American Declaration of Independence. The sculpture was built in France and then shipped to New York Harbor where it was assembled on site before being unveiled on October 28, 1889. After many changes were made to its design, the statue was completed in its present form in 1937.
Eiffel's most famous work is probably the Tower of Paris, which he designed for the World's Fair of 1889. The tower is 324 meters high and at that time it was the highest structure in the world. However, due to safety concerns, it was later demolished.
In addition to his work on the Statue of Liberty, Eiffel also designed prison cells, bridges, and lighthouses. He received two Nobel prizes in physics in 1882 and 1891 respectively.
The Statue of Liberty, completed a few years before the Eiffel Tower, was a gift from France to the people of the United States to mark a long relationship. It was created by French artist Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, and Gustave Eiffel himself built the metal structure. The two monuments are located near each other in New York City.
Bartholdi based his design on Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war. He used her as inspiration because she was known for being the protector of warriors who had fallen in battle. Women were not allowed to enter the World's Fair at which the Eiffel Tower was exhibited so Bartholdi gave it a female form to appeal to women visitors. The statue, which at that time was called "The French Warrior", was completed in 1884. It was then sent to America where it was put up in Central Park, but not everyone was happy with this arrangement since they felt that putting a symbol of freedom in a private park violated the intention of the gift. In 1931, the statue was moved to its current location in New York Harbor. Since its arrival, many changes have been made to it by different organizations including the removal of its head, arms, and part of its body due to corrosion.
Nowadays, many people think that the Eiffel Tower came first but this isn't true.
Gustave Eiffel's firm, headquartered in Levallois-Perret, France, also created the metal framework for another world-famous monument: the Statue of Liberty (New York, United States), designed by Auguste Bartholdi and donated to the United States as a gift from France to commemorate the 100th...
The Eiffel Tower is a steel tower with an iron structure built on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is the tallest free-standing iron structure in the world. Opened in 1889 for the World's Fair, it is the most popular tourist attraction in Paris and the second most visited paid site in France after the Louvre. As of 2011, more than 10 million people have climbed its 784 steps to the top.
It was proposed as a replacement for the now-infamous Eiffel Tower because of financial difficulties faced by the city of Paris. The new tower would have been twice as tall as the one that was eventually constructed. However, it would not have been made of iron but rather concrete. The project was abandoned when it became clear that there were no funds available to complete it.
In 1969, the City of Paris announced that it would demolish the Eiffel Tower if it could not be saved from closure. A group of concerned citizens formed a committee to save the tower. They negotiated with the mayor's office and the Ministry of Culture to establish the tower's status as a historic monument.
Gustave Eiffel built the tower out of latticed wrought iron to show that metal could be as robust as stone while being lighter. Eiffel also designed the inside structure of the Statue of Liberty. In 1889, the Eiffel Tower cost 7,799,401.31 French gold francs, or nearly $1.5 million. At the time, this was a very large amount of money.
The Eiffel Tower is made up of eight floors, each with four windows. The first floor has two large windows; the second floor has one large and one small window; the third floor has three small windows; and so on. The top floor has only one large window. Inside the tower, there are elevators that take visitors to different parts of the tower.
When it first opened its doors in 1889, the Eiffel Tower was the tallest building in Paris. Today, it is still one of the city's most famous landmarks. The tower has been featured in many movies including the 1930s movie classic "Les Misérables" and the 1989 film "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade".
In addition to being a popular tourist destination, the Eiffel Tower also serves as an antenna for radio and television broadcasts from France. The tower can be seen from many parts of Paris when it lights up at night with color-changing lights during special events such as Christmas markets and New Year's Eve celebrations.