Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel (born December 15, 1832 in Dijon, France) was a notable French architect and structural engineer who designed the interior structural parts of the Statue of Liberty. Eiffel's pylon may be seen in Paris, France, where the monument was initially built. He also designed the Trocadéro column for the Paris World's Fair of 1878.
The statue itself was designed by Frantz Jules Deslauriers and executed by Joseph Sonier. Deslauriers was a resident American artist living in New York City at the time of the design. Sonier was an American sculptor based in Chicago.
Eiffel's only formal training was as an architect. However, he is most famous for his structural designs which include bridges, buildings, and lighthouses. His first professional assignment was for the French government, who hired him to redesign their military barracks in Alexandria, Egypt. These plans were later used when building other foreign embassies in Paris. In 1868, the French government hired Eiffel to design a new set of regulations for metal manufacturing. This effort led to the creation of France's industrial standards board which developed into today's Autorité de la Concurrence.
In 1874, Eiffel was commissioned to design a new type of railroad station for the SNCF (French National Railways).
Gustave Eiffel's firm, headquartered in Levallois-Perret, France, also created the metal framework for another world-famous monument: the Statue of Liberty (New York, United States), designed by Auguste Bartholdi and given to the United States as a gift from France to commemorate the 100th...
The Eiffel Tower is a steel tower with an iron structure built on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is the tallest free-standing iron structure in the world. Opened in 1889 for the World's Fair, it is the most popular tourist attraction in Paris and the third most visited paid site in France. The tower has become an iconic image of France and its capital city.
It was proposed as a replacement for the Washington Monument, which was under construction at the time. The Eiffel Tower would have been taller than the Washington Monument (438 feet vs 456 feet).
In November 2016, President François Hollande announced that the tower would be preserved due to its historical significance. A campaign was started to save it from demolition; over 1 million people signed a petition requesting that it be saved from destruction. In December, French lawmakers approved a law protecting "historical monuments of national importance". The law includes the Eiffel Tower within its scope.
The mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, said she believed the Eiffel Tower could be restored if it were to be demolished.
Gustave Eiffel built the tower out of latticed wrought iron to show that metal could be as robust as stone while being lighter. Eiffel also designed the inside structure of the Statue of Liberty. In 1889, the Eiffel Tower cost 7,799,401.31 French gold francs, or nearly $1.5 million. At the time, this was a very large amount of money.
Eiffel's wife met with various architects and engineers, including Joseph Baillargeon, who came up with the idea of using steel instead of iron for the tower. Gustave Eiffel then designed a structural system for the tower using steel cables in a triangular pattern. The tower is 88 meters (295 feet) high and its base is 50 meters (165 feet) wide. It took more than 10,000 man-hours to construct the tower.
The Eiffel Tower is located in Paris, France and it is one of the world's most famous landmarks. It was created as a monument to the anniversary of the Revolution of 1848. Before it was built, there were many other ideas about what kind of monument should be placed on the site where the revolutionaries died. Some people suggested a huge fountain but no one knew how to create something like this at the time. So they decided to have a tower made of iron and glass, like those seen in European cities at the time. The project was assigned to Gustave Eiffel who had never built anything before but he promised to do his best.