Ger (Mongolia). A yurt, also known as a ger, is a movable, circular home. For thousands of years, yurts have been the predominant form of housing in Central Asia, notably Mongolia.
Today, many Mongolians still live in yurts, but a growing number are building homes that are similar to those found elsewhere in Asia. The modern house comes in several shapes and sizes, but they all have four walls and a roof. Some are only one room deep, while others have separate bedrooms and dining rooms. There are even two-story houses in Mongolia!
In rural areas, where there are no roads or buses, people usually go to their nearest city when they need to travel long distances. This may be half a day's ride for someone who has a horse or donkey, or it could be hundreds of miles by car or bus. In cities, people use public transportation to get around. However, there are still horses and carts on urban streets, especially in smaller towns.
People in Mongolia today are working hard to protect the environment by trying to stop deforestation and promote green energy sources. They also need to work to protect themselves from natural disasters such as dzuds (severe winters with little snow cover), which can cause severe food shortages and death due to exposure during freezing temperatures.
The yurt, Mongolian nomads' traditional housing, is a circular construction supported by a foldable timber frame and covered with wool felt. A yurt is called as a "ger" in Mongolian (ger). Ger-tereg (yurts on carts) were created for monarchs in the 12th and 13th centuries. These were large gers made of wood and covered with silk cloth embroidered with gold thread.
The ger is still used today by some rural Mongolians as a home or shelter for travelers or during rainstorms. It is also used as a ceremonial structure, such as for weddings or funeral rites.
Although most modern Mongolians live in apartments or houses, they still use gers for special occasions, such as weddings or funerals. In addition, some tourists who visit rural areas of Mongolia may stay in a ger while they are there. They are usually provided by local farmers who rent them out for a few days or weeks at a time.
The medieval version of the ger was larger than what most Mongolians live in today. Although it is difficult to estimate how many people lived in these structures because no population figures from before the 16th century have been found, it is estimated that there were approximately 10,000 living spaces like this in Ulan Bator alone at that time.
A classic yurt (from Turkic) or ger (Mongolian) is a movable, circular tent covered with skins or felt that is used as a residence by many separate nomadic cultures in Central Asia's steppes. The word "yurt" is also used for similar structures in other regions of the world where ethnic groups are based on herdsmen/farmers who migrate with their livestock.
The modern-day Mongolian people are descendants of tribes that migrated into Mongolia over several centuries from various parts of Eurasia. They speak different languages, including Mongolian and Russian, but all understand Mongolian.
During the Middle Ages, tribal leaders called khans built large yurts on the grasslands of what is now Mongolia to serve as their residences and courts. The most famous of these was Genghis Khan, who has been called the first global citizen because he united much of Asia under his rule. His son Ögedei built more than 20,000 miles of roads while trying to spread the faith in 11th century Mongolia. These days, most Mongolians live near villages or cities, not in camps, but the idea of living in a yurt remains important part of their culture.
In addition to their own language, which belongs to the Altaic family, they know Russian too.