Pyramid. When the pyramid was nearly built, a particular block clad with gleaming metal (either gold or electrum) was set atop it. The pyramid was then covered with chunks of white limestone from quarries all along the Nile. Trimming the bricks smoothed out the outside of the pyramid.
The gleaming top-knot was probably made of copper. But since the Egyptians never learned to work this metal, they had to import it from somewhere else in their limited knowledge (see below). The best source available at the time were the mountains of Copper Mountain (modern day Turkey), which provided most of the metal needed by the Egyptian people and rulers.
Gold has always been more valuable than iron. So if the top of the pyramid was made of gold, then it must have been very expensive. Probably only the Pharaohs could afford such an expense. Otherwise, it would not have been done. As we know today, the top of the pyramid was coated in silver.
The original color of the gleaming metal is unknown. But since then, black paint has been used to cover up any damage or missing parts.
Today, some parts of the original gleaming metal are still visible after thousands of years. These include the eyes of the king on the pyramid of Khufu (also known as Cheops). They are made of gilded copper.
Its climbing strata of massive limestone stones, which give it a slightly jagged look now, were originally buried by a smooth layer of fine white limestone. The limestone for the Great Pyramid's core was mined on-site at Giza, right south of the pyramid itself. It was brought to the site in buckets by men who climbed down holes cut into the rock.
The pyramid was built as a tomb for King Khufu (who actually lived years after the pyramid was completed), his wife Queen Henutsen, and their son Prince Khafre. It was probably also meant to serve as a memorial temple for Khufu. The exact dates of their births and deaths are not known but have been estimated to be between 2590 and2566 B.C. The king is said to have ordered the construction of the pyramid during his reign from 2551 to 2601 B.C.
Great Pyramid of Giza - Wikipedia
The Great Pyramid of Giza is an ancient Egyptian pyramid built of limestone and granite blocks without any metal used in its construction. It is located near Cairo, Egypt, and is one of the largest pyramids in size if not the largest. The pyramid is 491 feet (147 m) tall with a base that is approximately the same size as itself. Its height makes it the fourth-highest mountain in the world when measured from the bottom of its base to the top of its capstone.
Several ideas have been presented to explain how pyramids were built, but for the time being, the subject remains unanswered. According to one interpretation, causeways were used to transport stone blocks on wooden sleds up the sides of the pyramids. To lessen friction when transporting the blocks, the ramps were greased with water. Some scientists believe that sticks and mud mixed with animal fat could have been used instead.
The pyramid construction theories include:
Theories based on mechanical advantage - including the lever, pulley, and winch theories - can account for some of the features on the pyramids' exteriors, but not all of them. For example, none of these theories can fully explain the movement of the stars across the sky as the seasons change or the erosion that has taken place over time.
Theories based on human intervention - including the slave labor theory and the high-rise theory - cannot account for all the features on the pyramids' exteriors. They also differ in their explanations about who built the pyramids. The slave labor theory claims that the Egyptians built the pyramids using slaves provided by other countries. This theory says that most of the workers involved in building the pyramids were from foreign countries such as Sudan, Libya, and Iraq. Slaves were used as forced labor because they were too expensive to hire out as labor force.
Hughes claims that the pyramid was built with white limestone transported from 15 miles distant and polished to a dazzling gloss. More articles may be found on INSIDER's homepage.
However, this is not true. The Great Pyramid of Giza is made of dark grey granite.
The original color of the pyramids has been debated for many years. Some scholars believe they were painted black, while others claim they were colored in other colors like red or yellow. But what can actually be seen today is the grayish-white color of the stones which have weathered over time into their current state.
Even though it is not visible today, the Great Pyramid was originally painted bright red. This color was later worn away by wind and rain.
Also, according to some historians the pyramids were never completely white but rather had a pink or orange hue to them. These colors come from natural minerals present in the stone when it is first quarried. They say that over time these minerals cause the rock to turn darker where the sun doesn't reach such as inside the pyramids themselves where there is no light exposure. However, since these attributes are derived from natural processes they could change over time so this could be considered more of an opinion than fact.