Apartments included many rooms, including a living room, a bedroom, and a kitchen. Rooms were bigger, with separate parlors and sitting rooms from bedrooms and kitchens. The major source of heat was hot water radiators, with fitted drapes covering the windows. There were also electric heaters.
The bathrooms had tubs instead of showers. To save money, some tenants shared bathrooms; others had private bathrooms. Some buildings had common bathrooms for all the units inside the building, while others had separate bathrooms for each unit. When a tenant moved out, the landlord would usually keep the bathroom clean as a courtesy to their next tenant.
There were no air-conditioning machines until the 1950s, when central air-conditioning became popular. In fact, many buildings did not even have a window that opened! They used internal doors or wall openings instead. These internal doors were usually made of steel with a wood frame and insulated with cotton padding or wool batting. There were also double-paned windows available but they were very expensive at the time.
Some tenants may have had their own keys to their apartment units. But most people either paid a monthly rent or bought their groceries every month, so they needed to make sure they could get in easily without a key. If a tenant lost their key, then they would need to find someone to let them in.
The lack of windows and hence insufficient ventilation, along with a lack of plumbing, left residents of the internal apartments susceptible to a variety of ailments (cholera epidemics, for example). They were also built so close together that no sunlight could enter. This made it difficult for tenants to grow their own food or maintain a garden.
The poor quality of construction work meant that many tenements were infested with insects such as cockroaches and mice. Residents had to pay high rents to live in these unhealthy conditions.
Many tenements were also overcrowded. This resulted in issues such as congestion, noise, and frustration over inadequate housing facilities. It can also have led to violence between people who were forced to live under these conditions.
Finally, some tenements did not provide any storage space for anything other than clothes. If you needed a place to store books or furniture then you were out of luck.
This is just a brief overview of the problems associated with tenements.
Unlike these "apartments," which were just personal rooms within larger homes, the apartment house as we know it today first developed in Paris and other major European cities in the 18th century, when tall blocks of flats for middle-class renters began to arise. In American cities, flats similar to those found in Europe appeared later, but they too were usually only found in large buildings until about 1920.
The modern apartment hotel arose out of the industrial revolution. With many workers living in poor conditions over factories, offices, or transportation centers, hotels started offering simple rooms with bathrooms for a reasonable price. This form of accommodation was perfect for factory staff who needed a place to sleep but didn't want to spend any more than necessary. As companies grew more sophisticated, they began to offer "modern" amenities like showers instead of just bathtubs, and even televisions. These features weren't available in previous types of accommodations, so they made people feel like they were staying in a home rather than a room in a building.
In the early 20th century, manufacturers began to add amenities to increase revenue. The idea of the apartment hotel as we know it today came about when developers added bedrooms to existing office buildings. They would remove all the offices and replace them with rooms that could be rented out to tourists. Of course, not every room was converted into an apartment, so some businesses remained on site to serve those customers who wanted to stay there.
The term "apartment" is derived from the French appartement and the Italian appartimento, both of which indicate "a separate space." It makes logic when you think about it. Even if all of the units in a single building are connected, they are also separated from one another. This separation of areas allows for more privacy or less crowded conditions.
There are many theories on how the apartment came to be. Some say it is because landlords wanted to make sure their tenants were not living together otherwise they would be considered one household under the law instead of two so they would only have to pay one rent. Others say it comes from the fact that rooms back then were very small and everyone needed their own space so they were separated by furniture such as beds, chairs, and dressers to provide more room.
In any case, the apartment is a popular type of housing choice for several reasons: size, price, and location being the most common ones. Size-wise, an apartment can be much smaller than a house while still providing comfortable living conditions. Price-wise, apartments tend to be cheaper than houses because there's no need for land or construction costs. Location-wise, people choose to live in apartments because they want to be able to walk to work, school, or the store but not everyone can afford a house with a large yard. With fewer options available, people look to apartments to satisfy their needs.
The tenements were these small, low-rise apartment structures that were frequently overcrowded, poorly lighted, and lacked indoor plumbing and sufficient ventilation. Many were built with cheap materials such as plaster and wood, which caused them to deteriorate rapidly over time. In addition, many of the buildings had numerous other structural problems, including faulty wiring, lack of heat in the winter and air conditioning in the summer, and dangerous elevators.
People lived in the tenements because they could not afford anything else. The average price of a house in New York City was then $12,500, which is less than half what it is today. In addition, rent was affordable compared to other cities across the country. A room and board in a decent neighborhood setting would only cost about $100 per month, which is less than one-tenth of what it does now.
There are several reasons why New York City's early twentieth-century tenements were so bad. The first reason is that most people who lived in the city before the advent of public housing did not want to pay more for housing, so they didn't force the issue of house prices up or improve living conditions.
There are two rooms in the average medieval house: a hall and a kitchen. The hall was used for dining and other social activities, while the kitchen was where all the work was done. Both rooms had doors that opened out onto the courtyard or garden. Windows were rare in European castles until well into the 14th century.
Rooms were important in terms of status. The more rooms you had, the higher your position in society. A king would have a separate suite of rooms called a bedroom. Other important people might have larger suites of rooms called bowers or lodgings. Servants and slaves usually had only one room per house. A few large estates with many servants could have multiple rooms for each employee.
In wealthy families, it was normal for children to share a room when they went to bedchambers on their own at a young age. They would later have their own rooms when they came of marriageable age. Married women often didn't live in their husband's family home after marrying. This is because it was considered inappropriate for a married woman to be exposed to danger. If she was injured or killed, her husband would be left without a provider.