Elevators are the most popular means for multi-story structures to offer access. An elevator is not necessary because the building is less than three storeys tall. (To qualify for the exemption, a building must be less than three storeys tall or have less than 3000 square feet per floor; it does not have to match both conditions.) However, if you want to provide access to all floors of a multi-story building, an elevator is the easiest way to do so.
An elevator consists of a cage that can hold up to 10 people and a mechanism for raising and lowering the cage. Elevators are usually powered either by electricity or hydraulic pressure. They can be manually operated using a button or switch on the wall of the elevator cage, but this is only possible when there are no passengers in the elevator. A person must always be present to operate the elevator.
The decision to include an elevator in your building design depends on several factors such as space availability, cost, and traffic flow. If you plan to use the third floor exclusively, for example, then it makes sense to include an elevator since someone will need to go up or down every time a vehicle pulls into or out of its parking spot.
Multi-story buildings are prevalent in urban areas where space is at a premium. In fact, over half of American cities exceed 75 percent occupancy on floors two through four of their office towers. This shows that elevators are important tools for maximizing usable space.
If your building has less than 3,000 SF per level or is a two-story structure, an elevator is normally not necessary. However, this is dependent on the sorts of renters on the other floors. An elevator is essential if there are any medical offices. A retail elevator is also necessary if there are any retail establishments. In addition, elevators are helpful for moving heavy items up and down stairs.
In conclusion, a 2-story building does not require an elevator unless there are medical offices or stores on other floors. Elevators are useful for heavy items or people who have issues walking up stairs.
Also, since 1968, new buildings five floors or taller have been required by the city to contain an elevator, albeit some five-story structures are exempt. So six stories is tall enough to require an elevator but low enough to eliminate the requirement for a water tower and other extra building expenditures.
However, most skyscrapers have more than six floors - often many more - so they also include elevators for their top-floor apartments. And since the early 1990s, any building with a total of seven floors or more must provide an elevator for every floor except the ground floor.
The number of residents in New York City has increased dramatically since 1960, when there were just under 900,000 people living in the city. By 2010, that number had grown to over 8 million, with nearly one in three residents living in a high-rise building.
So, while only about one in eight buildings in New York City requires an elevator, that number is growing as the population increases.
For every 45,000 net useable square feet, one elevator is required. Depending on the population of the building, the ratio of floors to elevators should be two to one or two and a half to one. For example, if the building has 10 floors and 24 elevators, it means that each floor needs at least four elevators.
Elevator manufacturers recommend that buildings with more than 20 floors install an express lift to reduce wait times. An express lift can carry up to 70 people at a time while a conventional lift can only hold 14 people.
The average person uses an elevator every three minutes. This means that every hour, an elevator needs to rise from the basement to the 50th floor and back again. The lifting mechanism for an elevator is called a "elevator machine." These machines are very heavy and must be replaced annually or more often depending on usage.
Each type of elevator has its advantages and disadvantages. Automatic elevators are the most efficient but they are also the most expensive. Manual elevators are less efficient but they are much cheaper to operate. Hybrid elevators combine parts automatic and manual operation which reduces the cost of operating an elevator while still providing fast service.
Elevator accidents are rare but they do happen. People sometimes fall out of elevators because they go down past their stop without noticing.