Many historians and architects regard "Islamic Architecture" as a specific architectural style that is currently used to create most structures in the Islamic World and elsewhere. Although many examples of great mosques, palaces, and public buildings have been constructed over the centuries across Asia, Africa, and Europe, they use various techniques and technologies which make it difficult to describe these works as being "Islamic".
The word "Islam" comes from the Arabic phrase "al-Islām", meaning "the submission". This refers to the belief system that has been adopted by the 1.5 billion people around the world who identify themselves as Muslims.
According to this belief system, God is the only true God and we will be judged on how we treated others during our lives. When you die you will be given a chance to convert to another life in heaven or hell. The religion focuses on the concept of peace and love which is reflected through prayers, fasting during Ramadan, and charity towards relatives and the poor.
Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad is the last messenger from God to mankind. According to their history books, Islam was first preached in Arabia in the 7th century AD by Muhammad ibn Abdullah, also known as Muhammad.
From the 7th century onwards, Islamic architecture and the building traditions of Muslim communities in the Middle East and beyond find their ultimate expression in religious buildings such as mosques and madrasahs. These structures serve as both places of worship and learning centers where Muslims receive religious education.
Islamic architecture is not only about building churches or mosques but also about using architectural ideas to express spiritual concepts. For example, the calligraphy on a mosque's wall can be designed to make visitors feel calm or excited depending on the script used. Or the shape of a doorway or the placement of a fountain might be chosen to reflect the nature of divine creation.
As well as being a means of communication between humans and God, architects also use their skills to create works of art that are aesthetically pleasing. Islamic architecture has many different styles and types of building including mosques, seminaries, colleges, hospitals, museums, and houses for scholars and saints. Each of these structures has unique features that distinguish it from others.
For example, mosques have a main dome or turm that serves as a roof over the prayer hall. It usually has an onion-shaped structure with sloping walls and a pointed top. The appearance of the turm varies according to the style of architecture used by the builder.
Architecture is one of the most important aspects of Islamic art. Mosques, but also Muslim dwellings and gardens, have an Islamic design. It so shields the family and family life from the outer world as well as the harsh climate of many Islamic lands—it is a private universe. Architects were often highly regarded members of medieval society. Their designs were in demand and sometimes even copied by other artists.
During the Golden Age of Islam (750-1258) architecture developed rapidly under the influence of several factors. First, there was a need for monuments to commemorate great figures from history. Second, there was a desire to show off wealth and power to make oneself worthy of honor. And third, architects began to use their skills to plan gardens with water features instead of just plain open fields. All of these things contributed to the creation of a new style of building which has become known as "Islamic" architecture.
After the fall of the Abbasid Caliphate in 1258, much of the Islamic world went into decline. This included Iran, where buildings were neglected until the beginning of the 15th century. But the rise of new countries like Turkey and India brought about a revival in architectural creativity. In India, for example, mosques used ancient Indian design elements combined with ideas from Europe to create a unique style of architecture.
Today, Islamic buildings are found all over the world.