Surfaces with few facets The roof of Munich's Olympic Stadium, which covers and unifies the stadium, tracks, and pools, was developed using computerized mathematical procedures to determine their form and behavior, resulting in an architectural form of "minimal surfaces" first used in voltage covered with these dimensions: 74.800m2. They were designed by Henning Larsen and built by Coop Himmelb(l)au GmbH & Co. KG.
Minimal surfaces have many applications in architecture because they can be constructed automatically by computers, without human intervention. For example, a car factory might use this technique to produce identical cars with only minor changes (such as adding different colors) by programming its computer to repeat certain shapes over and over again. Minimal surfaces also make buildings resistant to high winds because there are not very large openings between them and their foundations.
The Olympic Stadium is one of the most innovative uses of this technology. It has been called "the world's first digital stadium." Such structures would not be possible without computers; otherwise, all buildings would look like cubes.
The design process for the Olympic Stadium involved several steps. First, three-dimensional models were made with data collected during construction. These models were then analyzed mathematically to find out what shape would be optimal for resistance to wind and other forces. Finally, builders created physical prototypes to see if the predictions matched up with actual performance.
"The Olympic Games." The stadium is a sunken bowl dug into the earth with a fabric membrane roof supported by cables. The roof is held up by a steel frame with a zigzag design that resembles an upside-down paper hat. The canopy wraps around the stadium for 28 meters, providing shade for the bulk of the spectators. There are no interior columns inside the stadium; instead, there are large openings between the floor and the ceiling where you can see the sky.
When it was first built for the 1980 Olympics, many people didn't like the idea of building something so big in the middle of a city. But today, people love going to the stadium because they enjoy the architecture and the atmosphere created by the crowd. The stadium has been used for other events besides sports, including concerts. It has also become a popular place for movies and TV shows to be filmed.
The stadium cost $450 million to build and took 10 years to complete. It has been called "the greatest architectural creation of our time" by British architect Lord Norman Foster, who designed it along with Peter Cook and David Anderson.
During construction, it was known as the National Stadium because it was being funded by the government of Japan and used for international events. When it was completed for the 1980 Olympics, it became known as the Olympic Stadium. However, it's still usually called by its original name: the National Stadium.
The BBC has been granted access to the Olympic Stadium in London to record the installation of the arena's new roof. The new structure is one of the largest of its kind and, unlike its predecessor, will cover all stadium spectators. It was built at a cost of $150 million (£95 million) and will be used for opening and closing ceremonies as well as athletics events.
The old roof was made up of white plastic panels that were supposed to resemble snow but many people complained that they looked like giant butterfly wings. The new one is made from carbon fiber which is much stronger and can handle wind speeds of up to 170 mph (274 km/h). It is also transparent so people watching sporting events inside the stadium will be able to see what's going on.
The old roof was due to be replaced following the Rio de Janeiro Olympics of 2016 but the budget didn't allow for it. It collapsed during a rain-induced fire at the British Athletics headquarters near the stadium on August 21, 2017. No one was injured but it caused £10 million ($13 million) worth of damage.
The new roof was designed by British architect David Chipperfield and constructed by American company AECOM. It started being put into place around April 2018 and is expected to be completed by the end of September.
The new Louis Armstrong Arena, designed by the Detroit architectural company Rossetti, is the world's first naturally ventilated tennis stadium with a retractable roof, removing the need for an air conditioning system. The roof opens and closes in less than 10 minutes during games or concerts. It was built at a cost of $18 million and opened on January 9, 1999.
The arena is named after Louis Armstrong, who lived in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was born on August 5, 1890 and died on July 18, 1971. The arena is located in New Orleans' Upper Ninth Ward within walking distance of his birthplace and final resting place.
Armstrong was one of the most influential musicians in American history. His career spanned more than 60 years and he released over 20 albums. His songs have been recorded by countless other artists. He has been called the "King of Swing" and "Duke of Dixieland".
During World War II, when many musicians went into military service, Armstrong led a big band that played for American troops abroad. After the war ended, he returned to New York City where he continued to lead bands and play live on television.
In 1964, Armstrong founded the Louis Armstrong School of Music at his former high school, Erato High School, in New Orleans.