Two years later, the church is still undergoing extensive renovation. This Gothic architectural masterpiece is being reconstructed using oak trees from nearby forests, with 200 construction workers on-site every day.
The reconstruction project began in May 2009 after being delayed due to funding issues. It was originally expected to be completed by 2015, but now it isn't expected to be finished until 2033. The project will cost $650 million and will be paid for with donations and insurance payments.
In the meantime, visitors can see some of the renovations at the cathedral's museum. It contains many original artifacts that were found during the restoration process. These include hundreds of pieces of stained glass, two complete columns from another building on the site (which will be used as part of the new cathedral), and a silver chalice that dates back to 1420.
The museum opened its doors in 2010 after being closed for five years while the site was repaired. It features interactive displays that allow you to get up close and personal with various objects found at the cathedral.
Notre Dame is one of France's most popular tourist attractions, drawing more than 5 million visitors each year. However, it is not considered safe for small children or those who suffer from claustrophobia.
Work on restoring the cathedral is not projected to begin until early 2022. According to carpentry experts, restoring Notre Dame as it was will require 2,000 cubic meters of wood, which will necessitate the removal of almost 1,500 oak trees. The cathedral's ceiling was so densely packed with wooden beams that it was nicknamed "la forêt" (the forest).
Notre Dame was built over several centuries from 1163 to 1412. The original structure was nearly 100 feet shorter than its current height and consisted only of a nave and a few side chapels. In 1345, during renovations, parts of the roof were removed to allow more light into the building. The resulting gap was closed by adding a new transept and crossing. The previous masonry exterior was replaced with stone from local sources. The original bronze doors were melted down during the French Revolution.
The fire did significant damage to the cathedral's interior. Of particular concern was the state of the tower, which had been closed for safety reasons after the last major renovation work in 1978. The fire has raised concerns about the stability of the tower and the ability of engineers to predict future problems with buildings of this age.
However, there are signs that the government is considering reopening the site to visitors. If the government decides to reopen the site, it could have an impact on fundraising efforts for the reconstruction effort.
More than 1,300 ancient oak trees provided support for the 850-year-old cathedral, much of which was lost in the fire. The massive trees date back to the 12th century and originate from primary woods, which have mainly remained unspoiled by people. There aren't many left in Europe.
Notre Dame is constructed out of stone obtained through mining operations and timber harvested from around the world. The original structure was built without using a single nail or screw.
The fire started in the roof of the cathedral's choir area during a performance of "Ave Maria" by the boys' choir. The blaze quickly spread throughout the nave and two other ambulatory areas where there are more than 800 paintings and sculptures by various artists from all over the world. It took firefighters more than five days to fully contain the flames.
The fire caused significant damage to the roof and interior walls of the cathedral but did not affect its structural integrity. The charred remains of several priests are buried in the floor of the nave near the site where they fell during the fire.
After the fire, engineers determined that the main structure of the building was not at risk of collapse.
Notre Dame will likely need major renovations or possibly even complete reconstruction before it can be used again.
Two-thirds of the cathedral's roof was also destroyed, as was the majority, if not the entirety, of its timber framework, which was mostly made of oak. The fire also caused serious damage to the nave and its main altar.
Notre Dame de Paris has been called the most beautiful church in the world. It was built between 1136 and 1250 by French architect Charles Beckmann. The cathedral is one of the largest in Europe at 70 meters (230 feet) long and 35 meters (115 feet) wide. Its height varies depending on the interior being seen; from the base to the highest point of the choir is about 47 meters (154 feet).
The cathedral has been described as a masterpiece of architecture and art. It contains many large paintings by French artists including Jean Colombe, Jean Duquecehne, and Germain Pilon. There are also several sculptures in the cathedral, including one of the four rivers of paradise located near the entrance.
The fire started in the chapel of Saint Anne on the first floor and quickly spread throughout the entire building. When it was over, there were only few parts of the building that weren't affected by smoke or water. The cause of the fire is still unknown.
I'm not religious, and I'm not Catholic, yet this is a stunning place and structure. The queue appeared to be long, yet it moved swiftly to allow us (for free) access to the main cathedral. It is SO large on the inside that it can accommodate all of those individuals. The outside is also beautiful and well-maintained.
Notre Dame is a world-famous church built in the French Gothic style. It was constructed between 1220 and 1345 as part of an early Franciscan monastery. The cathedral has been called "the most beautiful building in France" and "the most perfect example of French architecture".
The construction of Notre Dame was commissioned by King Louis IX (1214-1270). He wanted a grand church for Paris that would be equal to any in Europe. The architect was French Cardinal Hugues de Saint-Just who designed the cathedral as his final project before he died.
Saint-Just had planned to build only a small chapel as the first phase of construction but the king insisted that they use his body as inspiration for the design of the new church. The location chosen for the new temple was previously occupied by pagan temples that were destroyed during the conversion of Paris by Bishop Remigius in 709. Today, this area is known as Latin Square which forms part of the center of Paris.
The Rector of Notre Dame estimates that it will take "15 or 20 years" to restore the cathedral. On April 1, 2021, Notre-Dame rector Patrick Chauvet leads a procession into the Gothic cathedral that was destroyed by fire nearly two years earlier, wearing a protective helmet. He says the burning wood used to heat some homes in Paris during the winter months caused the blaze.
Notre-Dame is one of France's most famous landmarks, and the loss caused by its destruction has been immense. The fire started in the roof of the cathedral and quickly spread through the building, leaving only its central tower intact. Experts say the damage is so extensive they are surprised it hasn't collapsed entirely.
The fire broke out around 7:20 p.m. on April 15, 2019, while workers were inside the cathedral cleaning up after a service. There had been reports of smoke coming from the roof before the fire alarm was activated, but no one knew it for sure until firefighters arrived at the scene. They said the building was fully involved when they left almost an hour later.
No one was injured in the fire. But it destroyed many important objects inside the cathedral, including its precious stained-glass windows. Officials have said it will take years to repair the damage done by the flames.
Check out our article on how long it takes to build a house vs how long it takes to destroy one.