Families often have many linked rooms that are often placed in a line stretching out from the pueblo's center square. Generally, additions to a family's share of the pueblo are built above or behind the original rooms. Each pueblo traditionally had two or more kivas, or ritual chambers. Some still do; others are preserved as museums.
In addition to their familial connections, these rooms also have acoustic properties - some soundproofing is necessary because many people speak at once in the center of the village. This is especially true during ceremonies or meetings.
There are several different ways to arrange the rooms in a pueblo. Sometimes families build their own houses, so they can design them any way they like. Other times, they may have the house built for them by the community, who may want the dwelling to be in a certain style or with specific amenities. Still other times the rooms may be assigned by lot. Whatever the case may be, the people building the pueblo decide how they want the structure to look and what uses they want the rooms to have.
The rooms inside the pueblos were not just empty spaces used for housing but were important parts of the community life of ancient peoples. During rituals, large groups of people would gather in the kivas to pray and make decisions together. At other times of the year, smaller groups might meet in the adjoining meetinghouses for council sessions, dances, and other events.
Pueblo people lived in multi-story adobe dwellings known as pueblos, which are composed of adobe (clay and straw baked into firm bricks) and stone. Each adobe unit housed a single family, much like a contemporary apartment. People in Pueblo utilized ladders to get to their upper apartments. If they needed to go to another floor, they would hand their belongings to a servant, who would carry them up or down.
The word "pueblo" comes from the Spanish word "pueblo," meaning town or village. In Latin America, a pueblo is a small community or city council that governs itself. The word is used especially for those communities in the United States where an indigenous tribe is the only resident population. Examples include the Hopi Tribe in Arizona and the Zuni Tribe in New Mexico.
People began living in pueblos about A.D. 800. By 1500, there were about 50 such cities in what is now Colorado. After about 1670, when the Spanish stopped giving out land grants, the pueblos began to decline. By 1776, only three pueblos were left: Santa Fe, Taos, and Kewanee. Today, there are only two remaining pueblos: Santa Fe and Kayenta. Although many modern cities have risen up where the pueblos once stood, they no longer function as true settlements since they contain only offices and stores.
A Pueblo adobe house can include hundreds of apartments and was frequently the residence of a whole extended clan. The word "pueblo" is Spanish for "town."
They were usually located on high ground to protect their inhabitants from floods and other disasters. Many were also accessible by water, since many rooms had windows that looked out onto deep wells or even lakes.
These buildings were often made of wood with clay or mud used to seal the cracks between the logs. In some cases, the logs were left unglued to make them lighter weight and more flexible. These wooden structures were then covered in adobe or stone to create walls about four feet thick. The roofs were made of grass, trees, or metal and would not leak if any rain came through. They were always flat because there was no need for support beyond keeping the wind off its occupants.
The people living in these pueblos grew plenty of food right in their backyards! Corn, beans, and wheat were the most common crops, but potatoes, tomatoes, and chilies were also grown in large quantities. All together, these farms provided the residents of the pueblo with most of the food they ate.
Several essential characteristics of the dwellings remained as architectural styles changed and ages passed. The most noticeable feature is their sheer size; complexes averaged more than 200 rooms, and some were enclosed with up to 700 rooms. Individual chambers were larger in size and had higher ceilings than Ancestral Pueblo works from previous times. Walls were usually made of mud bricks or stone blocks and had a maximum thickness of about 18 inches (45 cm). A thatch-covered sod roof covered this wall structure. Windows were mostly framed by wooden beams and covered either by glass or plastic film.
Ancient Puebloan people built their houses primarily out of local materials such as sandstone, shale, clay, and dirt. However, they also used wood, turquoise, silver, and gold when available. The most important thing for families to remember is that these buildings were not only homes but also centers for community life. So any that seek to reconstruct an Ancient Puebloan house should do so with this fact in mind.
Although most pueblos are available to the public throughout the day, the residences are private and should not be accessed unless invited. Non-Pueblo persons are not permitted to enter kivas or graveyards. Some pueblos may have restrictions on when they can be visited.
The ancient pueblo was constructed along the Los Angeles River, southeast of the modern plaza, near the Tongva town of Yaanga. The river's name comes from the Chumash language and means "flowing slowly through fertile land."
The area was first settled by Mexican immigrants who were looking for farmland to grow food for their growing communities. Over time, the city grew up around the pueblo and now includes many areas that are several miles away from the center. These neighborhoods include East Los Angeles, El Sereno, South Los Angeles, and Westwood.
The pueblo was the main political and cultural center of the Chumash people until 1820, when Spanish officials ordered all native villages in the region destroyed. The last Chumash village was not demolished until 1846, after the end of the Mexican-American War.
Los Angeles has always been a major destination for immigrants from all over the world, which has made it a very diverse city. In the early days, this was also true for its center; however, today's urban core is almost completely made up of single family homes.