For more than 4,000 years, the Great Pyramid was the highest building in the world, standing 146.5 meters (481 feet) tall. It is presently 137 meters (449.6 feet) tall, having fallen 9.5 meters (31 feet) from its height. The pyramid is also one of the largest structures ever built with stone.
The pyramid is about the size of a large hotel room, 125 by 85 meters (410 by 272 feet), with a volume of roughly 22,500 m3 (907,000 ft3 ). That's larger than most houses and similar to that of a skyscraper.
It's construction began in 2610 BC and ended around 2480 BC. It took nearly 200 years to build this masterpiece of architecture. The Egyptians used limestone as their main material, mixed with sand for concrete.
The weight of the rock used in its construction is estimated to be about 7 million tons, which is more than the current weight of Lake Victoria.
Today, tourists can climb inside the pyramid to see how it was done. In fact, it is said that you can see everything there is to see at Giza within the limits of what a human being can see.
However, due to ongoing maintenance works on some parts of the site, such as the restoration of the Great Sphinx, some features may not be accessible now.
The Khufu pyramid at Giza, Egypt, is the highest structure in the world. It was originally 146.7 m (481 ft 3 in) tall when finished some 4,500 years ago, but erosion and vandalism have decreased its height to 137.5 m (451 ft 1 in) now. It remains the largest single stone building in the world.
Great Pyramid of Giza (c. 2580-2560 B.C.)
Built for King Khafre by his chief architect Imhotep, the Great Pyramid is the final resting place of Khafre, who may have been his brother. The pyramid is the tomb of Khafre as well as that of his son Menkauawy. Its original height has been estimated to be 145 meters (476 feet), although this has since been reduced by erosion and damage caused by treasure hunters looking for gold. The present height is about 137.5 meters (450 feet).
It is said that Imhotep had a secret chamber hidden under the pyramid that no one knew about until recently. Scientists have just recently discovered this secret room using modern technology. It contains many beautiful artifacts including golden masks and statues of kings that were probably used in ceremonies honoring Khafre and Imhotep.
In addition to being a king's tomb, the Great Pyramid also functions as a temple for the Egyptian god Osiris.
Khufu's Pyramid in Egypt The Khufu pyramid at Giza, Egypt, is the highest structure in the world. Its base covers about 250,000 m 2 (1 million square feet), making it the largest single construction project ever undertaken with a single architect.
The pyramid was built for Khufu, who took the throne in 2567 BC. It was his successor Chephren who built the next pyramid at Giza.
Both these pyramids are part of the Great Pyramids group, which also includes those of Khafre and Menkaura. These three pyramids are the only ones that were built for individual Pharaohs rather than kings. Although called "pyramids", they are actually smooth-sided towers without caps or bases. They were never inhabited and serve only as tombs for their creators.
A fourth pyramid, named Baufi', was begun by Khufu but never completed. Today what is left of this pyramid is used as a quarry from which stone is taken for use in other buildings.
In total, Khufu constructed four pyramids at Giza. Three of them (including Baufi') were never finished.
Significant citation The Great Pyramid is the biggest of the three, with an average length of each side at the base of 755.75 feet (230 metres) and an initial height of 481.4 feet (147 metres). Its volume is about 1.8 million cubic feet (54,000 m3), which is equivalent to about 18 football fields stacked end-to-end. The pyramid was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu and is therefore also called "the Pyramid of Khufu".
The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the seven wonders of the world. It is also the largest single stone building in the world. Today, it is considered a sacred place for Muslims who pray at the direction of the sun during the hajj pilgrimage. The Great Pyramid of Giza is located near Cairo, Egypt. It is on the west bank of the Nile River, opposite from the city center. Originally, the pyramid was covered in smooth limestone blocks but now only the outer casing remains because most of it has been taken away over the years for use in other buildings or removed by grave robbers.
The pyramid is actually made up of two smaller pyramids joined together at their bases. Khufu ordered that his own body be transported from the Old Kingdom capital city of Sais to Giza for entombment beside him.
62.25 meters The pyramid was originally 62.5 metres (205 feet) tall, with a base measuring 109 m × 121 m (358 ft x 397 ft) and coated in polished white limestone. It would have been much taller if not for an earthquake in AD 226 that destroyed part of it.
The pyramid was built as a tomb for King Zoser, one of the early rulers of Egypt who lived around 2500 B.C. During his lifetime, he conquered parts of present-day Libya and Tunisia, making him one of the most powerful leaders of his time. His death was probably due to natural causes, although some sources say he was murdered by his son who wanted to take over the throne. His body was preserved after death by being mummified.
After Zoser's death, his son Djedkare Iskef became king and started building his own pyramid. However, he did not live long enough to complete it. He was only on the throne for about 10 years and during that time, his chief architect designed and built several other pyramids but this was the only one that was ever completed.
The original pyramid was made of limestone but later kings used diorite and granite for their structures. In fact, all three of these stones are still visible today even though most of the pyramid has been excavated away over time.