The Renaissance Chateau de Breze has Europe's deepest dry moats. These magnificent moats are 18 meters deep and 13 meters broad! They were built as a protective measure against attack from land or water. The site of the chateau was once an island in the River Seine, but most of it is now under water due to dam construction.
The owner of the chateau, the French government, decided to make the interior as realistic as possible during World War II. Teams of artists worked together to create scenes that would have been found at the chateau in the 16th century. They used materials available on site and brought in specialists to fill in any gaps in knowledge about life at the time. Animals, people, and objects from the period all contribute to the overall experience of visiting the museum today.
You can learn more about the chateau and its history at the Musee d'Orsay in Paris. This is one of only two other museums in the world with full access to the chateau's collections (the other is the Chateau de Versailles near Paris).
Both museums offer many special exhibitions each year. Check out their websites for updates about current shows. You may want to visit both museums if you have time!
Deepnesses ranging from 5 to 40 feet Castle moats were typically 5 to 40 feet deep and were not always filled with water. Because a mere dry, broad trench may be an impediment, not all moats had water. These were known as "dry moats." Many stories have alligators or crocodiles in moats. However, modern scientists believe this is not true for the following reasons: Alligators and crocodiles do not live in freshwater habitats, therefore they would not be found in coastal saltwater marshes or inlets. Additionally, alligators and crocodiles will rarely go near human beings so it is unlikely that they would seek out moats as hunting grounds.
The most common mistake people make when answering this question is assuming that the depth of the moat corresponds to the height of the wall it surrounds. This is not necessarily the case - some walls are higher than the surrounding terrain allows for, thus necessitating a deeper moat.
In general, though, a castle moat was usually about 10-20% of its height. Sometimes they were even deeper than that!
Eight massive towers, machicolations (openings from which missiles might be flung or shot at assailants below), and battlemented walls surround a courtyard with walls 20 feet (7 metres) thick. The chateau is perched on a steep cliff above the settlement and is only accessible by a drawbridge that crosses a moat. It was here that Francis I married his daughter to Charles VIII of France.
Nowadays, visitors can explore parts of the chateau where rooms have been restored to their original appearance during the Renaissance or early Baroque periods. You can also see other rooms used for different purposes such as banqueting halls and libraries.
The interior of the chateau is just as impressive as the outside. It contains several large reception rooms, a chapel, and many smaller rooms used for dining or storing belongings. There are also two museums inside the chateau: one that explores life in the Middle Ages and another that shows off its collection of furniture.
Château-sur-Loire is only about an hour's drive from Paris. It lies near the border with Brittany in northern France.
The height of the walls varied greatly depending on the castle, although they were typically 2.5–6 m (8.2–19.7 ft) thick. They were typically capped with crenellations or parapets that provided defenders with protection. The walls were often built of stone or brick, but wood has been used as well.
Castles came in all shapes and sizes during their development. Some were simply large enclosures while others were fortress-like buildings within the larger enclosure. Still other castles were huge cities with wide streets and square towers; these are sometimes called "modern" or "fortified towns." There are several types of castles:
1. Military castles were usually constructed by wealthy individuals or kingdoms as protective measures against invasion. These castles were often made of stone or brick, had deep ditches surrounding them, and had high walls for defense. Often there were no real halls inside the castle; instead, there would be barracks where soldiers lived.
2. Palace castles were built by kings or queens as luxurious living spaces. Sometimes they were made entirely of stone or brick, but more often than not they included wooden additions for beauty or accommodation.
3. Fortress castles were built into natural formations such as mountains or cliffs. They could not be breached from the outside so they served as safe havens for those within.
There are 204 rooms. Anjou, Chateau de Brissac, Geant du Val de Loire Brissac, France's highest castle, with 7 stories and 204 chambers, earns the moniker "Giant of the Loire Valley." The castle was purchased in 1502 by Rene de Cosse, the first Lord of Brissac, and is currently the home of the fourteenth Duke of Brissac.
The original structure built by the de Cosse family is believed to have had between 10 and 20 towers, but only three remain today: la Tour de l'Horloge, le Tour de Guillaume, and la Tour des Anges. La Tour de l'Horloge (the Clock Tower) is also known as la Tour de Saint-Jean because it used to be the main residence of the seigneurs of that name. It dates from 1180 and stands 3 meters high. The other two towers are much younger; they were built in the 14th century when the de Cosse family still owned the castle. They serve as viewing points for tourists who visit during the summer months.
In 1636, after years of financial difficulties, the de Cosse family sold Brissac to the Duc d'Orleans, future King Louis XIV. In 1793, following the French Revolution, the property was confiscated by the government and given to a general named Merle. In 1803, it was acquired by the Duchy of Anjou and has remained in their possession since then. Today, the property is operated as a hotel by Accor.
This would be their finest achievement, the castle to end all castles. The end result was a massive fortification with near-perfect symmetry. There are four concentric rings of powerful defenses, including a water-filled moat complete with its own pier. The original entrance was through an advanced system of portcullises and bars. These were so effective that the castle did not need a large garrison; only 20 men were assigned to guard it.
The great hall could accommodate up to 300 people. It had a domed roof made of copper covered in gold leaf. Paintings by Dutch artists Rubens and Van Dyck decorated the walls. Other luxury items for sale in the market square included jewelry, clothes, and weapons.
Beaumaris was built between 1540 and 1565 by Sir Hugh Owen, the owner of several manors in north Wales. The castle was intended to protect against attacks from England's rival power, France. It is said that its creator wanted it to be the best-defended castle in all of Wales but also one that would be attractive to visitors, so he divided it into three sections with four towers each. He also placed the main entrance on the south side of the building where there was no view of the sea. Although the castle was never attacked, it did serve as a prison for many years after its construction.