Following the Great Fire of London in 1666, new building laws were enforced, and they have regulated London construction ever since, with periodical updates. The visage of London was forever altered. The fire destroyed about a third of the city's area, but it also destroyed much of the urban infrastructure, including most housing. After the fire, new buildings had to be stronger and better constructed to prevent another disaster.
The fire led to the creation of many new institutions, including the London Building Act of 1667, which required houses to be built with brick or stone on a ground floor and wood on upper floors, so that they would not burn easily. It also caused Parliament to create the Office of Surveyor General in 1672, who is still responsible for enforcing current building regulation standards.
Building regulations have changed over time as knowledge about how buildings behave during earthquakes, floods, and other disasters has increased. For example, following the 1886 London earthquake, the government adopted the recommendation of the Royal Institute of British Architects that buildings should be designed to be at least partially disassembled and moved off site if necessary. This is called "structural repurposing" and is used today when constructing new buildings close to existing structures that may pose a risk if they collapse during an earthquake.
The fire that changed our city forever... The Great Fire of London started on Sunday, September 2, 1666, in a baker's shop on Pudding Lane belonging to Thomas Farynor (Farriner). Although he claimed to have extinguished the fire, three hours later, at 1 am, his house was a blazing inferno. Many other buildings were also destroyed, including the City church of St Paul's Cathedral. The fire spread quickly through the densely populated medieval district of London, and by the time it was over, more than 10,000 acres (40 km2) had been burned.
Events that have happened in history are important because they help us understand how people think and act. By studying what has happened in the past, we can see what factors led up to an event and how people reacted to it. This knowledge helps us to predict what might happen in the future. Schools should teach about events that have happened in history because they want their students to learn about important people and ideas in the world. By learning about these things, students will be able to make connections between different periods in history. They will also learn that people who are different from themselves have thought deeply about important issues in the world and have tried to solve them.
On September 2nd, 1666, an event began that would forever alter the face of London. The Great Fire started in Pudding Lane, from a baker's home. One-third of London was destroyed, and around 100,000 people were displaced. The fire spread rapidly because it came during early autumn and the city was already overcrowded.
The fire destroyed about a third of London, including most of the City. It took almost three months to contain all the fires, because they kept breaking out again.
During those terrible days, people were not only afraid that the fire would reach their homes, but also that the plague might come along with it. In fact, over 50,000 people died in the plague that year. People had no idea how to fight a fire back then, so everything they owned was lost.
The fire changed the face of London irrevocably. Before the fire, most houses in London were made of wood and had flat roofs. After the fire, many new buildings were constructed using stone instead. The fire also forced people to move away from the center of town to less populated areas. This is why we don't see that many houses in Pudding Lane anymore. However, the fire did help make London more safe by preventing people from living in such close proximity to each other.
The Great Fire of London (September 2–5, 1666) was the most destructive fire in the city's history. It leveled most of the civic buildings, the ancient St. Paul's Cathedral, 87 parish churches, and almost 13,000 dwellings in the City of London. It also spread to nearby Southwark and Lewes.
The fire started on Saturday, September 2, in the thatched roofed house of wattle and daub built by William Pynchon in 1561 on Commercial Street near the present-day Bank of England. The cause is unknown but it may have been deliberately set.
It burned for five days and during that time it destroyed most of the old city center and ruined much of the surrounding area. Only a few streets survived unscathed, including Gracechurch Street, which avoided destruction because it was already being rebuilt at the time.
The fire left an enormous gap in the city's life as public works such as building projects were stopped due to lack of money or materials. It also caused political upheaval since many citizens felt that the responsible party should be punished for the arson and they came up with several candidates, one of whom was elected mayor of London.
During its reign, the fire killed between 10,000 and 20,000 people, making it the second deadliest natural disaster in British history after the Black Death.
In 1666, most dwellings in London were built of wood and had thatched roofs. Straw was used to cover the flooring. The houses were built quite close together, which aided in the spread of the fire from house to house. Because to the high wind, the fire spread swiftly. By the time it reached dry grass or straw, it was too late to save much of the house.
There are two ways to stop a fire: water it out or shut it off at the source. In this case, there was no way to water the fire so it burned out completely. Although some parts of the city may have been rebuilt by now, most of the original town center was destroyed.
People shouldn't hide matches or lighters in their homes. If you do, they can cause serious fires. Never throw away anything that might be a fire hazard. Use a rubbish bin, not your hand, when disposing of items like that.
The best way to keep children safe is to teach them about safety. Children should always be accompanied by an adult when using candles or lamps, and never leave toys unattended while sleeping.
Fire hazards can be avoided by using extension cords, which provide an alternative source of power for appliances that are not designed to run on electricity. Extension cords are needed if you want to keep certain appliances like blenders and vacuum cleaners plugged in during parties or when you're not home.