Perth's layout and design were inspired by contemporary urban planning concepts, colonial experience in Australia and overseas, and the practicality of administering land concessions. Geoffrey Bolton, a historian, believes that the Perth pattern was inspired by the New Town in Edinburgh. The city's mayor at the time, John Dickie, is said to have drawn inspiration for Brisbane from Britain's other new towns.
Bolton also points out that both architects were probably aware of Chicago's recently completed World's Fair: "The plan of Perth shows considerable knowledge of North America, especially of Chicago where Dickins had worked before coming to Australia."
The decision to split the capital between Melbourne and Sydney was probably due to economics rather than politics. Melbourne was the larger city and it made sense to divide government responsibilities between the two cities. Geographically, Melbourne is closer to the coast and thus has more opportunities for trade and industry. It also has better transport links with the rest of Victoria and beyond.
Melbourne's location near the natural features of the Yarra River and its hinterland made it an attractive prospect for settlers. By comparison, Sydney at the time was just a small coastal village with no real identity of its own. However, since then it has become one of the world's leading cities due to its status as a major commercial hub and education center.
Perth, Western Australia's 1829 town design was an expanded grid form that mirrored contemporary urban planning ideas and was reminiscent of colonial Williamsburg (1699) and Edinburgh's "new town" (1768). The concept exemplified enlightened ideas and the ideal of a town envisioned as the center of government. In practice, this goal was not always achieved as demonstrated by the deterioration of the central business district over time.
The original plan had streets running north-south and east-west at right angles to one another with wide open spaces in between. There were to have been 88 square blocks in total with major roads crossing at intersections. The grid pattern was to have been covered with trees, with the exception of the city park which was to be made up of grassed squares. The whole project was to have been surrounded by a stone wall with gates leading into it from the major roads. A waterway called the Swan River was to have run through the heart of the city but this was never built due to lack of funds.
The town was to have been home to 2,500 people when it was first settled but this population soon rose to 10,000. By 1839, 20,000 people were living in the colony of Victoria. This number increased to 80,000 by 1841 after the arrival of the railway and then down to 40,000 after the gold rush years ended. By 1850, the population had dropped back to 30,000 and has remained relatively constant since then.
This is currently the Perth Metropolitan Region's major city region. Perth, Western Australia's 1829 town design was an expanded grid form that mirrored contemporary city planning concepts and was reminiscent of colonial Williamsburg (1699) and Edinburgh's "new town" (1768). The city was laid out by George Vancouver after his return from his expedition to explore the west coast of what was then known as New Holland. The first permanent European settlement in Western Australia was established by the British on the basis of Cape Leeuwin with the arrival of the HMS Eleanora in 1829.
Perth has grown steadily since its founding with large-scale development beginning in the 1850s. In 1859, Peter McIntyre surveyed and marked out a town site on the eastern side of the Swan River for the Victorian Government. This became known as North Perth and is now the central business district. Other early settlements included Guildford on the northern shore of the river and Wellington just south of the present-day airport. These two areas are now residential suburbs of Perth.
In 1867, Thomas Brown acquired 1,000 acres (4 km2) on the southern bank of the river and began developing it himself. He named his new suburb South Perth and it is today one of the most exclusive neighborhoods in the city. In 1869, another survey party led by William Robinson went further up the river and settled here; this area is now known as West Perth.
Everyone chuckled when we told them we were heading to Perth, a city that is perceived to be backward and uninteresting in comparison to other big Australian cities. It is, nonetheless, a city that defies expectations. It is clean, boasts gorgeous landscape, and free inner-city public transportation. It's also the capital city of Western Australia.
Perth has many famous landmarks including the Swan River with its beautiful waterfront park, and the Royal Botanic Garden. There are lots of museums too - for example, the new Museum of Science and Industry aims to be one of the world's leading science museums. And if you're interested in ancient history, there's plenty to see in the city center: old buildings, streets, and parks.
The people of Perth are friendly and nice, but they have no idea what fashion is. Most of them can't afford designer clothes so they don't exist. There are some exceptions though: local designers are bringing out their own unique styles which often include recycled materials.
In conclusion, yes, Perth is backward. But it's a good kind of backwardness - small, elegant, and comfortable. It's not crowded and it doesn't take itself too seriously.