However, after the death of King Charles VI, the Louvre palace started to go into disrepair. That is, until King Francois I decided he wanted to live in Paris and so, in 1527, the Grosse Tour, which was the original keep in the middle, was destroyed to allow more light and space into the palace. The old walls were also removed to make room for more galleries and offices. By the late 16th century, most of what you see today at the Louvre was built by Louis XIV. He turned the palace into a museum to house his collection of paintings.
In 1793 during the French Revolution, the museum's art collections were sold at public auction. The money from these sales allowed the government to repay its debts and kept the revolution going! In 1800, Napoleon took control of France and made himself emperor. He too liked to hang out with artists and was very supportive of the arts. So much so that he bought many of their paintings and donated them to the Louvre. This is how the museum got some of its greatest works of art.
In 1881, under the rule of the Third Republic, the museum was renamed "The Museum of Natural History and Anthropology". It became clear later that this was not a good idea because people didn't like being told they had anthropology museums, they wanted art museums. So in 1999, it again changed names when it became "The Louvre Museum".
Louvre Palais-Musee du Louvre When Charles V abandoned the Palais de la Cite in 1360, the palace was turned from a garrison to a house. Since then, monarchs of France have used it as their primary home in Paris. The current building is the third version constructed here. It was designed by Jean and Francois Bacler d'Albeville in 1664-1670 after the previous one was destroyed during the Siege of Paris (1667-1668). Inside are rooms decorated with paintings by Italian artists for the French court. There's also a sculpture gallery.
Yes, the Palace of Versailles is the largest private residence in Europe. It was built between 1763 and 1789 for the Sun King Louis XIV. The original design was drawn up by Le Notre and Vauban but it was modified by Michel Beaupuy and Claude Perrault after Louis' death. In 1825, Emperor Napoleon I bought the property and had more rooms added. Today, it is the official residence of the French president.
Hôtel de Bourgogne This hotel was built in 1514 on the site of a former hospital for pilgrims. It has been serving guests for over 400 years and remains one of the most famous hotels in Paris. The interior was renovated in 1884 by Hector Guimard (the man who designed the metro system in Paris) but it still has its original medieval architecture.
The Louvre's structures were previously abandoned and deteriorating. Following the completion of the Palace of Versailles, the French court relocated its headquarters away from Paris and the Louvre, leaving the structure incomplete and eventually falling into ruin. The last recorded use of part of the building as a residence was in 1793.
In 1800, the government acquired parts of the site for use as public gardens but this did not save the rest of the building from demolition. The remaining buildings on the site were given over for other purposes such as housing and offices until they were demolished around 1816. The site remained vacant until 1844 when it was decided to build a new palace near where the old one had stood.
The new Louvre was opened by King Louis-Philippe in December 1847. It was an ambitious project designed by Charles de Wailly and was modeled on Rome's Palazzo del Senatore where the king would live when in Paris. The new palace was larger than the old one and included more exhibition space. In addition, the new building had the first large-scale art museum in Europe. When it was completed, the new Louvre was considered to be one of the most important cultural centers in France.
In 1190, King Philippe Augustus built the Louvre Museum as a fortification to safeguard Paris from enemy assault. When the defensive walls of Paris could no longer contain the city's burgeoning population, they were demolished and a palace for the royal family was built in their stead. The new building was called "Le Grand Palais" - the Great Palace.
The Musée du Louvre was founded by Francis I in 1555. Its original collection consisted only of French paintings that had been brought back from Italy during his many wars there. Over time, the museum grew into one of the largest art museums in the world with special emphasis on Western art.
Today, the Musée du Louvre is one of Paris' most visited attractions. It has the second highest number of annual visitors after the Eiffel Tower. The museum covers an area of 1.5 million square feet (140,000 m²) and contains more than 200,000 objects ranging from ancient Egyptian sculptures to modern art.
The building that now houses the Musée du Louvre was originally intended to be a fortress. When you enter the lobby today, you are standing in front of a large mural called "The Battle of Artium" by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux. This painting was completed in 1874 and shows King Louis-Philippe looking up at his crown being swept away by a revolutionary army soldier brandishing a sword.