In the middle of the fifth century, the Parthenon was an expression and embodiment of Athenian luxury, as well as a symbol of Athenian political and cultural dominance in Greece. It was bigger and more luxurious than any previous temple built on the Greek mainland. The building of the Parthenon was led by Phidias, one of the most important artists of his time. He designed the huge marble sculptures which decorated the interior of the temple, including its iconic goddess Athena statue.
The building of the Parthenon was part of Athens' large-scale public works program, which also included new roads, sidewalks, and other infrastructure improvements to help accommodate the growing population of the city-state. The location for the future temple site was chosen by Pericles, the prominent Athenian statesman, who wanted to show off Athens' wealth and power to other nations. Construction on the project began in 447 B.C. and was completed in 432 B.C.
Inside the Parthenon were two rooms called antae. These were open air courts surrounded by columns supporting a roof made of pine trees planted around four meters (13 feet) high. The walls inside the antae were painted red, white, and black with scenes depicting battles between Greeks and Persians. The entire interior of the Parthenon was covered in colorful marble statues carved by famous artists such as Myron and Polycleitus.
The Parthenon's Importance It was built in the 5th century B.C. as a symbol of Athens' strength, prosperity, and refined culture. It was the biggest and most opulent temple ever built on the Greek mainland. It is now one of the most well-known structures in the world and a lasting emblem of Ancient Greece. The building of the Parthenon was part of a larger effort by Athens to transform herself into a great city-state. As such, it was not only an architectural achievement but also an economic venture: the Athenians wanted to show other cities that they were a worthy opponent by spending their money freely. They also may have hoped to attract immigrants who would help build their city even more.
The construction of the Parthenon was led by Phidias, a prominent sculptor and artist from Athens. He was probably born around 495 B.C. and died in about 435 B.C. Although little is known about his life, he seems to have been quite successful since he was able to finance his own project. His main collaborator was Pheidias son who probably helped with the design process and may have even executed some of the sculpture himself. Another important figure at the Parthenon was Eupalinos who designed and oversaw its construction. He might have been a citizen of Athens who lived in the late 5th century B.C.
The choice of site for the building was probably made by Pericles, the prominent statesman from Athens.
The Parthenon was the focus of religious life in Athens, the great Greek city-state that served as the Delian League's headquarters. It was built in the 5th century B.C. as a symbol of Athens' strength, prosperity, and refined culture. The structure was entirely carved out of marble obtained from Phidias' own quarry at Cos, one of the largest islands in the Aegean Sea.
The temple was dedicated to the goddess Athena, who was believed to have been born from Zeus' head. She was presented with her father's helmet as an offering, which is why we know about the temple's construction. However, it was also likely that the treasury contained objects that were previously owned by King Acrisius, such as his sword or crown. These may have been the objects that formed the basis for the story behind the building of the temple.
Athens was powerful but small, so the construction of this temple made sense as a display of wealth and power. It is estimated that there were between 20,000 and 30,000 people working on the project, many of them slaves.
The temple was built over a decade because of financial difficulties caused by wars with Sparta and Makedonia.
The Parthenon, which stands atop the Acropolis, is one of the world's major ancient landmarks. Why was the Parthenon constructed? It served as a gathering area for Athenians. It was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. It was a grain storage facility. It was erected as a memorial to the troops who perished against the Persians.
The discovery of a gold mine in the Athenian foothills made the city the wealthiest in the world. As the city grew to become the hub of Greek culture, politics and architecture flourished. The Greek nation's capital city was relocated to Athens, which grew to become the world's biggest metropolis. In Ancient Greece, I was a tough but fair dictator.
The Parthenon is a Greek temple in Athens that was erected in the 5th century BC in the Doric Order, Greece's oldest architectural style. In the frieze, a part of the ceiling structure, Doric temples have alternating patterns of triglyphs (panels with three vertical lines) and metopes. The Parthenon's facade features large ionic columns and a pediment (a triangular piece of sculpture over a door or window). Inside the building is an open air courtyard called the cella. The walls here are covered with sculptures.
The center section of the Parthenon, where the oculus (eyehole) is located, holds the tympanum. Here, too, are the remains of a sculptured frieze that once surrounded the entrance door but now is preserved only on the east and west sides. The tympanum is a decorative panel used as a space for advertisement or decoration. It can also serve as a speaker box to hold an opening through which voices could be heard by participants in a festival held inside the temple.
The term "triglyph" comes from the ancient Greeks who used three lines instead of our modern two lines to represent a third of a circle. Thus, a triglyph is a flat panel with three vertical incisions, usually taken as signs for eyes. They were often included in decorative schemes as a reminder of good luck.