The traditional "historic" European home structure is made of brickwork on top of a wood frame. The wood frame is far stronger, more solid, and more robust than the stick-built tract homes slapped up in modern subdivisions in a matter of weeks. Masonry is also sturdy and long-lasting. It's natural to assume that such buildings will need constant maintenance or replacement, but this is not true. The bricks and mortar used on top are harmless to human health and the wood underneath is renewable.
Houses in other parts of the world may look different, but they work under the same principles as those found in historic buildings. They can be constructed out of durable materials, with careful selection of the right colors for protection against harmful elements like the sun and rain.
It is true that old buildings suffer from poor construction practices, including faulty workmanship and outdated technologies, but this is not their main advantage. Old buildings tend to have more spacious rooms than their modern counterparts, which means less furniture is needed to fill them. This is especially important in cities where space is at a premium. You could never fit as much into a small room if you had to worry about every piece of furniture being destroyed by bacteria or corrosion.
The size of houses in Europe has been shrinking over time. When money becomes easier to come by, people want more from their homes. They want bigger kitchens, living rooms, and bathrooms.
Dwellings in Europe are often built of brick, but houses in North America are typically built of wood. Why is this the case? When North America was first established, the enormous woods provided an abundant source of building materials, hence wood was the major building material employed. As time went on and settlements grew larger, there came a time when there were just not enough bricks available to build everything that was being constructed.
Brick making requires a lot of clay, which is then processed into bricks and fired in a kiln to harden them. This is why buildings in early New England were mostly made of wood - because there wasn't enough labor or technology available to make good bricks. However, over time techniques improved and more plentiful resources became available so bricks again started to be used instead.
In Europe, dwellings are usually made of stone or brick, but since wood is such an abundant resource they use it instead. The quality of construction varies depending on what type of wood is used, but generally it's just a matter of availability vs. cost. In pre-industrial times, wooden buildings were an efficient use of resources as well as being affordable. Today they're still commonly found in less developed countries where stone and brick are too expensive to use for housing.
As settlers from various countries began to migrate to other parts of the world, they took their building techniques with them. Thus, immigrants to Australia and New Zealand built homes out of stone, while those moving to South Africa constructed their houses with tiles on the floor. Even within Europe, different regions used different materials for construction. Brick is commonly found in urban areas, while wooden buildings are more common in rural settings.
For centuries, builders in Europe had no choice but to use wood as a building material. However, advances in wood technology have now made it possible to use other materials instead. For example, concrete has become a popular choice for modern builders because it is durable, affordable, and easy to work with. Other popular choices include steel and glass. Indeed, many modern buildings include elements of each of these materials in their design.
In conclusion, Europeans built their dwellings out of wood because that was all there was available back then. As time went by, other materials were discovered to be useful, so they were added to the repertoire of building techniques available. Today, many different types of buildings can be found across Europe, some made out of concrete, others out of steel or glass.
The majority of houses in the United States are built of wood, whereas most buildings in Europe are made of brick and concrete. The American house is thus mostly made of wood, while the European house is mostly made of stone or brick.
In terms of material efficiency, a wooden house is more eco-friendly than a concrete one. Concrete requires mining raw materials and manufacturing energy-intensive cement. As for wood, it becomes environmentally friendly when it is recycled or used for renewable building projects such as wind farms or solar panels.
However, not all types of wood are equal. For example, pine trees use less energy to grow than other trees like oak or linden. Also, wood that has been exposed to sunlight without protection from the elements will lose its green color and become white or even black if it is not removed. Finally, old-growth forests provide better insulation than new growth forests because they have more large-branched trees with thick bark that can hold more water inside their trunks at any given time.
Which is better: a wooden house or a concrete one? That depends on your situation and what type of house you want to build.