A torogan is raised above the ground by columns carved from massive trees. The walls are made of plywood sticks, while the roof is made of dried coconut leaves. There are no internal partitions, thus it looks to be a large hall. In ancient times, these houses were used as royal courts where laws were debated and decisions were made. Today, they are used for ceremonial purposes or as museums.
There are several varieties of torogans around the world. They are found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The best known type is the Tidarra, which is found in northern Australia. It has 12-20 feet (3.6-6.1 m) high white pillars supporting a flat wooden ceiling. There are also smaller-sized versions of this house called apus or alang-alang.
In India, there are temples with torogan rooms. These are usually located near water sources such as lakes or rivers. The torogan room serves as a prayer room where people can go for spiritual advice or counseling. These rooms are usually only one meter high so that anyone who enters them does not have to bow down like in other Hindu temples.
In Africa, there are many villages with torogan houses. They are often used as churches because everyone is equal in African religions.
The Chumash dwelling, known as a 'ap,' was circular and shaped like half an orange. It was created by arranging willow poles in a circle on the ground. At the top, the poles were curved in to form a dome. Then tiny saplings or branches were connected crosswise to the trunk. The entire structure was covered with deerskin or clay.
Inside the ap, there was a central fire pit for cooking and heating. There were also beds of dried grass or wood for sleeping. The Chumash lived like this for several years until they found gold in California. They then moved their dwellings to higher grounds so they could work the mines.
This type of building was used by many Native American tribes across North America. It is called an "Indian house" because it resembles the traditional homes built by indigenous people before the arrival of Europeans.
In conclusion, the Chumash Indian house looked like any other type of building used by other Native Americans before they arrived in California.
A yehakin (not a wigwam) was a Powhatan dwelling composed of natural materials obtained in the surrounding area. Its structure was built from saplings of natural trees such as red maples, locusts, and red cedar. The structure was then covered with either bark or marsh reed mats. Inside the yehakin, walls were made of thin boards coated with chalky white material found on the surface of some rocks in the area. A fire burned in the center of the floor, which was usually made of packed earth.
Powhatan was the name of an ancient Indian king who lived in what is now Virginia. He is best known for building the first English-style house in America. After his death in 1618, his people continued to live in their yehakins until they moved into the new houses built by colonists under British rule. These early American homes were very similar to those built by the Indians before them. They used wood, had flat roofs, and had open floors inside where a fire was kept burning all day long.
In time, these Indian-built houses were replaced by larger and more sophisticated versions over many years. By the mid-19th century, most Indians had stopped living in traditional houses and had instead adopted European styles of housing. These included houses built with bricks or stone, having flat roofs, and having two stories with rooms arranged around a central hallway on each floor.
Underground. The real underground earth shelter (also known as a "chambered" or "subterranean") earth shelter is a dwelling in which the ground has been dug and the structure is built below grade. They may have an atrium or courtyard built in the center of the shelter to offer appropriate lighting and ventilation. These dwellings were very popular in Europe and North America during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
There are also underground cabins which are smaller than true earth shelters but large enough for one person to live in comfortably. These are usually made out of wood and can be found in forests around the world. There are even some that are made from concrete!
Underground houses have many advantages over conventional housing. They are more energy efficient because they avoid heating and cooling empty space. They are also better for privacy because you cannot see them from the outside. And they allow for natural light and ventilation without using electricity for lights or air-conditioning.
The underground house movement was started by Jens Thiis in Denmark. He called his version an "earthship." The first one he built had no flooring and only had two walls and a roof above it. It looked like a big ball buried in the ground. But since then, people have added rooms, floors, and exterior walls to their underground homes.