Both the Parthenon and the Pantheon are ancient temples; the Parthenon was built in Greece for their deity Athena, and the Pantheon was erected in Rome to honor the Roman gods. The Pantheon, on the other hand, was a concrete dome supported by elegant Corinthian columns. It replaced an earlier temple of Apollo constructed about 280 BC.
The similarities between these structures is what makes them interesting examples of classical architecture. They share many features including a basic architectural design that can be traced back to the Greeks and Romans who built them.
The main difference between the Parthenon and the Pantheon is purpose. While the Parthenon was built as a monument to Athena, the Pantheon was intended to house the gods of Rome. This fact alone makes the Pantheon more important historically since it was not only a temple for the gods but also a church for Christians to pray to Jesus Christ.
Additionally, the Pantheon was built entirely out of concrete which made it much stronger than traditional stone buildings. It survived several earthquakes over the years and still stands today. The Parthenon, on the other hand, was built using marble which caused it to deteriorate over time. It was destroyed by fire in 1676 and now only its foundation remains.
Overall, these structures show how classical design has changed very little over time.
The Pantheon in Rome, Italy is not the same as the Parthenon in Athens, Greece. Despite the fact that both were initially temples to gods, the Greek Parthenon temple on the Acropolis was erected hundreds of years before the Roman Pantheon temple. Also worth mentioning is that the Pantheon was not built as a temple, but rather as an underground basilica.
In architecture, inspiration can be seen as the motivation behind a building or design. The Greek Parthenon was inspired by the Erechtheion, which was itself inspired by the Temple of Athena Nike in Attica. However, only four years after the completion of the Pantheon, the Erechtheion was destroyed by an earthquake. This makes it clear that although the Parthenon was likely one of the factors that led to the creation of the Pantheon, it was not the only factor.
Furthermore, there are differences between the two buildings' designs. For example, while the Erechtheion had ivory columns, the Pantheon has marble columns. Also, while the Erechtheion was symmetrical, with equal sides and equal heights, the Pantheon has asymmetrical dimensions - it is wider at the base than it is tall.
The Pantheon is a circular structure with a portico supported by Corinthian columns made of granite. It is constructed of a variety of materials, including marble, granite, concrete, and brick. The Parthenon is a Doric temple with ionic columns supporting it. It features a rectangular floor and is totally composed of marble with a limestone foundation. The two buildings are not related in any way except that they were both built around the same time (441 B.C.) by the Greek city-state of Athens. They serve very different purposes but both are important examples of classical architecture.
The Pantheon was originally built as one of many temples dedicated to the many gods of ancient Greece. It was therefore designed to be equally attractive to men and women, who would have gone inside to pray alone or together. As you enter the building through its large central doorway, you are faced with an enormous dome carved out of one piece of stone. This huge weight is borne by a system of tiered pillars which support the roof. The entire interior of the building is illuminated by light coming in from above, making it ideal for prayer at night.
The temple style called "Pantheon" was invented by Greek architect Kallikrates of Sparta. He used this new style to build a temple for the Athenian god Apollo on the site where previously there had been only rocks. So the Pantheon design is now associated with Athens and their version of this style of architecture.
The Pantheon is a Roman temple located in Rome, Italy. It was one of numerous temples erected by the polytheistic Romans, who worshiped many gods. The Pantheon's most astounding feature, however, is its domed roof, which is the world's biggest unreinforced concrete dome. The Pantheon was originally covered with plaster and painted black, but today it is white inside and out.
The Pantheon has been described as the "temple to all mankind" because it was intended to be an example of divine perfection for all humanity to see. The only other monument in Rome that can compare in size and scope is the Colosseum, but unlike that wooden structure, the Pantheon was designed from the ground up as a true work of architecture. It also survived long after the Colosseum fell into disuse, showing that it was indeed a worthy successor.
The original purpose of the Pantheon is still unknown today. Some historians believe it was built as a place of prayer for the Italian gods, while others think it was used as a treasury or even as a court room. However, what is known for sure is that it was built between 27 BC and 126 AD and that Gaius Julius Caesar donated money for its construction. It remains standing to this day as an impressive reminder of a great civilization that once thrived in the Mediterranean Sea basin.
The Parthenon (/'pa:[email protected],nan, [email protected]/; Ancient Greek: Parthenon, Parthenon, [par.the.no:n]; Greek: Parthenonas, Parthenonas, [parthe'nonas]) is an ancient temple devoted to the goddess Athena, whom the Athenians regarded their patroness. The building was completed in 447 BC by Pericles' Athens after they had defeated the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. It was originally crowned with a golden statue of Athena made by Phidias but this was destroyed during an Ottoman raid on the city in 1687.
Athena was one of the original Olympians, along with Zeus and Poseidon. She was born from the head of her father, Zeus, who had taken the form of Athena's mother, Metis (or, according to another account, from his forehead). They are said to have been raised by Euryphaes, king of Phthia. When she came of age, Athena went to Epiphany (the town near Athens where Pericles lived) to protest against not being allowed to participate in the Olympic Games because she was younger than 18 years old. As punishment, she vowed to destroy the island of Aegina, where the Olympics were held. Her plea was heard by a priest of Apollo, who ordered a plague to be sent to Epiphany. Only when everyone had died did he lift the curse. In revenge, Athena killed him with a thunderbolt.