The collapse of rural areas in the country's south drives urban migration. Finally, poverty and unemployment have risen throughout rural Mexico. Rapid urbanization has created a slew of issues in Mexico City. Despite the fact that Mexico City is growing, there is still a lack of land and homes. In addition, pollution is becoming a problem as more people move to the city center.
Rural exodus and economic hardship have caused Mexico City's population to rise rapidly over the past few decades. In 1970, the metropolitan area had about 9 million residents; today it's estimated to be over 20 million. This increase is expected to continue, since recent government policies aim to promote urban living and discourage moving to large cities from small towns and rural areas.
Mexico City is a major metropolis, but it lacks the resources of other mega-cities worldwide. For example, it has no ocean port or airport, which prevents it from engaging in trade with other countries. Instead, it relies on neighboring states for employment and investment.
The city's poor infrastructure has also led to environmental damage. Since most industries are located in southern Mexico City, there is heavy traffic congestion during the morning and evening rush hours. There are plans to build more public transportation, but this will take time given the shortage of funds.
Mexico City has one of the highest crime rates in the world.
Mexico's urbanization history Mexico's urbanization is the outcome of two major factors: population growth and relocation. One of the causes driving rural-urban migration is employment. Agriculture has been diminishing in Mexico's rural areas since the 1950s. The number of farmers is decreasing while those working in industry and services are increasing. Jobs in the expanding economy of Mexico City and other cities across the country offer a better life for those who move to urban areas.
The government has played an important role in promoting urbanization by building schools, hospitals, and other public facilities in remote areas. It has also provided transportation to migrants by building roads and railways. Urbanization has had negative effects as well; it has led to overcrowding and pollution in Mexico City and other large cities.
How has Mexico City dealt with these issues? They have made efforts to improve city sanitation, provide housing for the poor, and protect natural resources. For example, they have installed water recycling systems in order to reduce the demand for drinking water from outside sources.
In conclusion, Mexico's urbanization is caused by population growth and relocation to cities for employment opportunities.
Why has Mexico City expanded so quickly? Years of rural-to-urban migration by individuals seeking better economic possibilities has resulted in this outcome. In addition, government policies have played a role in the city's expansion.
The main driving factor behind the urbanization of Mexico City is the poverty rate among its population. Although this rate has decreased over the years, it is still high at 36%. Education is another key factor: only 7% of Mexico City residents have a college degree, which is lower than the national average of 14%.
There are two main types of housing in Mexico City: informal and formal. Informal housing includes anything built without official permission, such as houses made out of cardboard or plastic. Formal housing consists of buildings constructed according to legal requirements. However, many informal dwellings have been transformed into shantytowns because they are easier to build and maintain. In fact, almost half of Mexico City's population lives in these shantytowns.
Mexico City has one of the most expensive real estate markets in the world. Property prices increase every year, which leads many people to sell their homes for more money than they originally paid for them. This influx of cash helps explain why so many new buildings appear every year.