Ur-Nammu erected the Great Ziggurat of Ur in the twenty-first century BCE and dedicated it to the moon deity Nanna/Sin. It is a three-layer rectangular ziggurat with no internal rooms. It was entered through three stairs (one in the front and one on each side), and its sides ran north to south and east to west. The upper platform was about thirty feet high and eighty feet long at the base; the lower one, about fifteen feet high and fifty feet long. The total height of the monument was about ninety feet.
Construction began around 2250 BCE and took about seven years to complete. Originally, the top of the pyramid was painted red, but over time it faded to orange/yellow. Archaeologists believe this was done as a form of mourning for dead rulers or perhaps even the end of a dynasty.
The first king to erect the monument was his name is unknown but he ruled between 2233 and 2154 BCE. His son also named Shulgi continued building the pyramid until his death in 2053 BCE. During their reign, the kings of Ur sent gifts to the cities of Syria, including the city of Hamath, which was probably why they are called "Hamathians".
Ur was located in what is now Iraq but at the time it was a small kingdom that belonged to the Sumerian culture. This ancient civilization is known because of some of the first written language documents found by archaeologists.
The Ziggurat of Ur and the temple atop it were erected approximately 2100 B.C.E. for the moon deity Nanna, the divine patron of the city state, by the ruler of Ur-Nammu of the Third Dynasty of Ur. The height of this tower would have been about 140 feet, making it one of the tallest buildings in the world at that time.
Ziggurats were built throughout much of Asia during the 3rd millennium B.C. First appearing in the area now known as Iran, they were later adopted by civilizations in India and Mesoamerica.
In Africa, pyramids were built instead. But almost all other large structures, such as temples or castles, were also built using essentially the same techniques across all these different cultures around the world.
So basically, the ziggurat was a type of pyramid built without using any stone tools. The only exception is the base, which is made of clay or mud. A ziggurat had three layers: a ground floor, which served as an entrance lobby; a first floor with storage rooms; and a second floor with housing for priests and servants. The top of the ziggurat was usually flat or slightly sloped to allow water to drain away.
People everywhere used wood and other materials available in their environment to build shelters for themselves and their families.
The Ziggurat of Ur and the temple atop it were erected approximately 2100 BCE for the moon goddess Nanna, the divine patron of the city state, by the ruler of Ur-Nammu of the Third Dynasty of Ur. The construction would have been by far the tallest point in the city, and, like the spire of a medieval church, it would have...
...given a visual focus to the city and its king.
Ur-Nammu was the second of three dynasties that ruled from the city of Sumer between 3100 and 2700 BCE. His reign was a time of great prosperity for his country, with many large projects being undertaken. One of these was the creation of the Ziggurat of Ur, which was an artificial mountain constructed in the shape of a pyramid with seven levels each representing one of the planets in the solar system. It is possible that this project was used as a means to gain prestige in the eyes of the people since it was very unusual for someone other than a god to be given such an honor.
The planet theory is interesting because it shows that the people of Sumer believed that the planets influenced human life and therefore wanted to be able to communicate with them. The third dynasty king also built a huge wall around the city of Ur, probably to protect it against invaders or other cities. This project would have required a lot of labor and material resources out of town bringing economic prosperity to Ur-Nammu's kingdom.
What remains of Ur's Ziggurat today? The Great Ziggurat of Ur was dedicated to the moon god Nanna, the city's patron deity. Because the Mesopotamian gods were frequently associated with the eastern highlands, the ziggurat might have served as a symbol of their residences. It has been suggested that it may also have been used as a clock.
The first evidence of construction on the Great Ziggurat of Ur is dated to around 2300 B.C., so it is presumed that it had been existing for some time before that date. The original height of the structure was likely about 120 feet, but over time it was rebuilt in stages, most recently between 744 and 722 B.C. By this last reconstruction, its height was more than doubled to 300 feet! Today only its base remains because the site of the city is now under water about 20 feet deep near the Gulf Coast of what is now Iraq.
The Great Ziggurat of Ur was probably the largest wooden building in the world when it was constructed. The wood came from Lebanon and Syria. Over time, the site has been discovered through archaeological excavation, and many important artifacts have been unearthed including cuneiform tablets written by the kings who built the ziggurat.
People began building the Great Ziggurat of Ur because they believed it would bring them good luck.
Around the year 2100 B.C.E. The Ziggurat of Ur and the temple atop it were erected approximately 2100 B.C.E. for the moon goddess Nanna, the divine patron of the city state, by the ruler of Ur-Nammu of the Third Dynasty of Ur. These are the oldest known ziggurats.
A ziggurat is a stepped pyramid or tower with an entrance at the top. They were used as religious buildings in many parts of the world, including India, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Africa. In Asia, they were commonly used as astronomical observatories by ancient cultures such as the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Sumerians.
The first evidence that humans used stones to build structures comes from Mesopotamia, where walls were constructed using rubble mixed with mud plaster. Some of these walls still stand today. But around 2300 B.C.E., people started building with stone exclusively. These stones could have come from local sources or could have been imported from farther away. But regardless of the source of the stone, they were used in large quantities to construct the cities of this time period.
In Sumer, the first ziggurats were made out of sun-dried bricks covered with mud plaster. But after about 2000 B.C.E., people started using stone instead.