The contemporary metropolis is laid out in a grid form. The major route, Quwatli Street, runs east-west, beginning from Saahat al-Ra'is Square on the town's western outskirts. Tourists visiting the ruins used the city as a base. It has a museum in the city's southwestern section. Palmyra was once an important trading center for goods coming into and going out of Syria. The city's location near the border with Lebanon made it a valuable stop for trade routes between Asia and Africa.
The city's ancient monuments are spread across an area of about a square mile. They include temples, theaters, and public baths. Many structures have been restored or rebuilt after being damaged or destroyed by earthquakes or wars.
Palmyra was founded around 300 B.C. by the Syrian king Ptolemy II. He called the new city "Laureopolis" in honor of his father, Lausus, who had helped him win the throne. The city became one of the largest in Syria and was famous for its library and art gallery. Palmyra reached its cultural peak under Emperor Augustus; the city was completely renovated at that time. But Palmyra's prosperity ended when the emperor Claudius invaded the country in A.D. 51. He captured and executed many citizens to make sure there were no more rebels against him from within the palace walls. After the invasion, business at the market fell off and most buildings were abandoned.
The city center was constructed on the old colonial basis. It features a grid system of tiny streets built out at right angles. This rectilinear pattern extends across more than 20 square blocks, a region that established the city's boundaries until the late nineteenth century. The central plaza is surrounded by buildings in this style, including the cathedral and government palace.
The center was rebuilt after the great fire of 1811, which destroyed much of it. It was again remodeled in the mid-19th century when many fine buildings were erected. The world's first skyscraper was built in Buenos Aires during this period. It was a luxury hotel called "La Drogheria" (the Drugstore) that had 36 floors.
Today's center differs significantly from what came before it. When the reconstruction was finished in 1855, the streets were widened and straightened, making them less useful as routes for trade. Some original buildings were preserved but most were replaced with modern versions. The main shopping area is located around San Martín street, which runs north-south through the heart of the city. It's a busy street full of shops and restaurants.
Buenos Aires has many landmarks. One of the most famous is the statue of Santa Claus in Plaza de Mayo. It was made in France and installed in 1881.
Temples from antiquity The ancient people of Petra had a vibrant spiritual life. Three temples along the main street are thought to be from the city's peak, some 2,000 years ago. One of them is called the Qasr al-Bint (a short version of an Arabic name that translates as "Castle of the Daughter of the Pharaoh"). It is made of sandstone and has impressive walls about 30 feet high and 10 feet thick. Inside there are no decorations or sculptures but the temple's size and shape make it clear that it was used for religious purposes.
The buildings in Petra were built using local materials such as stone and mortar. However, many structures also use wood as a building material. The timber comes from either acacia trees or else imported pine trees. Archaeologists have found pieces of wood with markings showing that they came from far away countries like Egypt and India. This proves that traders visited Petra at one time or another.
Most of the buildings are only one story high but there are a few temples that are two stories high. These may have been used as apartments or stores. There are also several ruined towers in the city area. They were probably used to protect residents from attack or just to look out over the city.
None of the buildings in Petra are taller than five stories. This shows that the ancient people didn't have any factories or technological inventions like machines or batteries at this time. Instead, they built their own tools and instruments including chariots and boats.
Other adjacent structures are Jahaz Mahal, Bahadur Shah II's Zafar Mahal alias Lal Mahal, Hauz-i-Shamsi, and Adham Khan's Tomb. The park also has pillars and the ruins of numerous ancient temples. In addition, there are several tanks in the area.
Jahaz Mahal was built by Sultan Jehan Mirza in 1561. It was used as a palace by his son Sultan Muhiuddin Jehan Mirza and later destroyed to build a church. Today, only its foundations remain.
Bahadur Shah's Zafar Mahal or Lal Mahal was built by his father in 1555. This two-storey structure with 72 rooms was originally painted red but now is mostly white. It stands next to Jahaz Mahal.
Adham Khan's Tomb is located about 500 meters west of Bahadur Shah's Zafar Mahal. It was built in 1628 for Adham Khan, who was governor of Bengal at the time when Jahangir was alive. Although it looks like a tomb, it was actually designed for hunting games such as polo and archery. The sports arena is still visible today within the compound of what was once the largest private zoo in Asia.
Hauz-i-Shamsi is a shrine dedicated to the moon god Shiva.
Q1 Shanghai is an eastern Chinese metropolis regarded as a contemporary business hub full of vitality and aesthetic design all across the city. It is also one of the most important financial centers in China.
Shanghai has been ranked as the world's best city for business by several publications including Forbes, Bloomberg, and The Wall Street Journal. It is also one of the most expensive cities in the world where a square meter of space can cost up to $1500 or more. A luxury apartment there could sell for $100,000 or more.
Shanghai has experienced a major transformation since it opened up to foreign trade in the 1980s. It became a free-market economy driven by industry and commerce, rather than by state ownership as in many other parts of China. This transition has resulted in great changes to its architecture and urban environment.
In fact, Shanghai has been called "the city with no history" because its ancient buildings have been replaced by modern structures as new industries move into the area. Its population has also increased dramatically, from 12 million to more than 24 million, since 1990. Today, Shanghai is considered one of the fastest developing countries in the world.
Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were well constructed towns with spacious, straight roadways. The cities were enclosed by thick walls. The bricks, even those used in various cities, are the same size, implying that the cities shared a governance. There are also similarities in architecture: both cities have four gates, and their wall circuits are almost identical.
Mohenjo Daro was founded around 2800 B.C. and existed until 1700 B.C. It is now in Pakistan. Harappa lasted longer - from 3300 to 3100 B.C. - and was inhabited by a culture called the Indus Valley Civilization. This is how archaeologists know about these ancient cities.
Although different cultures lived in Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, there are some similarities in their arts, including sculpture and painting. Both cities had public baths where people could wash themselves and their clothes at certain times per day. They also had playgrounds where children could play games such as catch and hop ball.
However, unlike today's cities where women often lack power, in ancient cities they had an important role to play. At Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, women owned businesses and owned homes. Some even fought wars along with men!
Another difference between ancient cities and modern ones is that people knew nothing about disease back then.