To safeguard the Taj Mahal from pollution, an area of 10,400 square kilometers has been designated around it. In December 1996, the Supreme Court of India issued a judgement prohibiting the use of coal and coke in industries located in the Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) and required them to transition to natural gas or relocate beyond the TTZ. The court also banned the use of petrol, diesel vehicles in the zone.
The preservation effort includes measures to prevent pollution and the encroachment of buildings. Agencies responsible for the site include the Archaeological Survey of India and the government's department of tourism. They work with local partners to manage visitors and protect the structure. The ASI manages the site and implements conservation plans; their main role is to ensure that no steps are taken on the monument that would damage its integrity or change its appearance. The department of tourism promotes the site, handles visitor information, and issues permits for construction activities within the TTZ.
The preservation effort also includes efforts to educate people about the site. There are information panels at key locations throughout the complex that explain aspects of its construction and history. These panels were designed by Anish Kapoor and Marisa Olson and are made of stainless steel and mirrored glass. The reflection shows images of the sky and scenery behind the panel when viewed from certain angles.
Kapoor and Olson also designed the Small Gardens inside the Taj Mahal.
The region has rigorous emission limits, and a 1996 Supreme Court of India order prohibited the use of coal in enterprises located within the TTZ. These businesses were either required to convert to natural gas or relocate outside of the protected region. The Taj Mahal is one of history's most renowned structures. Built by Indian emperor Shah Jahan as his tomb for his beloved wife, it is also known as the Tomb of Love.
Coal is a fossil fuel obtained from decomposed plants and animals. It is used as a source of energy for heat and power. In Europe and some parts of Asia, coal still accounts for nearly all of the world's electricity production. In other regions it is replaced by oil and natural gas.
The construction of the Taj Mahal started in 1632 and was completed in 1648. It is considered by many to be the greatest monument to love. The marble used in its construction was extracted from a nearby quarry near Agra. It was painted using pigments made from minerals and vegetables. The building stands at 52 feet (16 m) high and covers an area of about 32,000 square feet (3,025 sq m). It contains four apartments, with the largest being about 575 square feet (54 sq m).
In 2013, activists had called for the demolition of the Taj Mahal due to concerns about the safety of workers constructing a new hotel next door.
Inside the Taj Mahal, eating and smoking are absolutely forbidden. Fire, smoking items, tobacco products, liquor, eatables (toffees), headphones, knives, wire, mobile chargers, electronic goods (excluding cameras), and tripods are also forbidden. Don't even think about bringing any of these items into the monument.
The police may confiscate any item they consider dangerous to the public security or that violates local laws. For example, if you were to bring a laser pointer into the Taj Mahal, the officer would have grounds for arrest.
Items that can be confiscated by the authorities include: alcohol, cigarettes, spices, herbs, seeds, plants, medicines, perfumes, oils, chemicals, materials used in construction projects (such as wood and concrete), books, magazines, newspapers, electronics (including computers), musical instruments, sporting goods, and weapons.
People have been arrested for possession of all of these items. Do not attempt to enter the monument with any form of weaponry, because it will be taken away from you at the entrance gate.
Weapons include guns, swords, knives, spears, clubs, stones, and vehicles used as weapons such as cars and motorcycles. The only type of weapon allowed inside the monument is a small knife for personal use. If an officer sees you carrying anything else, you will be asked to leave.
On July 11, the Supreme Court chastised the central and state governments for failing to act quickly enough to safeguard the monument. "We will either shut down the Taj Mahal or you will demolish or repair it," the court stated. After five days, the center formed a committee to address the issue of industrial pollution damaging the monument. Government officials announced plans to clean up Agra's Yamuna River, which runs near the Taj Mahal.
In August, the government informed the court that it had initiated work on a project to protect the Taj Mahal. The plan includes building a wall around the complex to keep out vehicles and provide better security for its gates. A government official said the $20 million ($66 million) project would be completed within three years.
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