The seven-story, 180,000-square-foot basket features a 30,000-square-foot atrium with a glass ceiling. The basket's 150-ton handles, which took eighteen months to build, include a specific heating element that prevents ice from building and potentially smashing through the ceiling in the winter. In the summer, water is pumped through the handle elements to prevent them from getting too hot.
When it was completed in 1959, this basket of Chicago was the largest concrete structure in the world. It was also supposed to be permanent, but less than ten years later, heavy rainfall caused some parts of it to collapse. The city rebuilt part of the basket, this time using steel instead of concrete for greater durability. But even so, the replacement section collapsed within just five years of its completion.
So despite being designed to last forever, today's basket is actually composed of three baskets stuck together. The first and original concrete portion still stands on South Wabash Avenue in Chicago's Little Italy neighborhood. This area was devastated by fire in 1996, but the basket survived because it was still being used as a warehouse. After the fire had burned out, workers went inside the basket and removed all the merchandise they could salvage.
The second portion is made of steel and covers an arcade that used to stand next to the original basket. This new version was built in 1965 after another fire damaged the original one further.
Since the 1980s, warehouse building has increased in both quantity and scale, owing largely to the growth of e-commerce.
Warehouse projects have grown in scale as they have evolved from simple shipping and receiving facilities to high-tech, automated processing centers. According to Dodge Data & Analytics, the number of warehouse projects of one million square feet or more climbed from 23 to 48 between 2007 and 2018.
They were erected in the shape of a long rectangle, thus its name. They were typically 80 feet long and 18 feet broad. They had openings on the roof to let smoke from fires escape, as well as doors at either end. Tall tree poles were utilized to frame in the sides of the longhouse residence. The roof was made of overlapping sheets of wood that were fastened together with nails or screws.
The walls inside the longhouse were made of horizontal boards separated by vertical posts. The floor was made of wooden planks. A hole was often dug near one end of the longhouse and filled with stones to create a fire pit. This was where most activities for the day were held including cooking food and keeping warm. A ladder led up to a loft area where beds were stored.
In addition to being a residence, a longhouse was also used for community meetings, celebrations, and rituals. It could be quite large, with estimates putting the total size at 100,000 square feet!
People began building longhouses around 3000 B.C. in what is now China. The first known evidence of longhouses in North America comes from California, where Spanish explorers noted their use by Native Americans.
In Europe, longhouses continued to be built into the 16th century. The last known example was built in Denmark in 1537.
The planned structure was 430 feet by 192 feet, with a bay length of 25 feet. Approximately 9 bays were previously constructed to varied degrees of completion at the time of the incident, and the team was in the midst of building and plumbing the frames at the time of the incident. The roof was to be made of trussed steel girders with aluminum panels attached to them.
A Place to Start Most commercial buildings larger than 10,000 square feet, for example, will take 4–6 months to construct. When it comes to larger industrial buildings and more sophisticated office buildings, say 50,000 square feet or more, it can take six to eight months. The amount of time it takes to build a warehouse depends on the size of the project and the type of construction used. A typical warehouse built with steel and concrete panels is able to be up and running in 3–4 months.
The first step in building a warehouse is to determine what type of storage facility you need. This will help select the right site for your building and give you an idea of how much material you may need to order. If you already have a prefabricated shell, this is great news because it will save time that could otherwise be spent searching for materials and contractors. However, if you plan to hire your own team of builders, be sure to include enough time for them to complete their work.
Once you have selected a site for your building, you will need to obtain all necessary permits. This includes getting a building permit from your local government agency as well as any other required permits such as fire safety inspections. You will also need to consider the impact of your building on its surrounding environment during the design phase of your project.