The Sistine Chapel is 40.9 metres (134 feet) in length and 14 metres (46 feet) in width. It has a height of 12 metres (39 feet). The chapel was originally painted in 1512 by Michelangelo for the Pope's use during church services. He decorated it with scenes taken from the Book of Genesis, including the creation of Adam and Eve, and the stories of Noah and Abraham.
Michelangelo designed the chapel to be lit by natural light coming in through large windows on the north and east walls. He also included some small windows of his own design on the south wall, which let in some sunlight but not much. In addition, there are small windows along the base of the walls where paintings would have been mounted.
The artist planned to decorate the walls with paintings based on episodes from the Old Testament, but he died before finishing them. So, after his death, his friends and assistants continued to work on the chapel. The last major work done on the chapel was the altar piece by Borromini. He designed the marble altar in 1640-1650. The altar was never used because the Pope who commissioned it died before it could be installed.
The Sistine Chapel's Ceiling/Locations.jpg provides an overview of the chapel with indications for some of the major paintings. The image is about 1 mile by 2 miles and there are about 15,000 pixels in it. It was taken in 1995 when Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass before an audience of 500 people in St. Peter's Square.
The Sistine Chapel is one of the most important artistic treasures of Italy. It is in the Vatican Museums on the Piazza San Pietro. The museum is open daily from 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. (except during religious holidays). Admission is free. There are information boards throughout the museum that explain the history of the chapel and its contents.
In addition to the main painting, there are three other large canvases in the chapel: left of the main altar, right of the main altar, and above the entrance. They are all by Michelangelo and they all date from 1508.
Michelangelo was born in 1475 in Caprese di Roma (now Capriate Ilezioni), a small town near Rome.
The Sistine Chapel. The Sistine Chapel (Cappella Sistina) is one of the Apostolic Palace chapels and one of the most valuable treasures of the Vatican City State, Rome, and the globe. It is named after Pope Sixtus IV who had it built between 1475 and 1477. The chapel is an elegant example of Italian Renaissance architecture and contains the world's largest wall painting - a dramatic scene from Genesis featuring God the Father, God the Son (Christ), and God the Spirit (Holy Ghost).
The chapel is located on the first floor of the Apostolic Palace behind the altar that bears his name. Entry to the chapel is via two sets of doors: one for visitors, another for priests carrying out their duties at Mass.
In addition to its artistic significance, the Sistine Chapel has religious as well as historical importance for Catholics. It is here that Popes are elected by a special vote of the church council, known as papal conclaves. The last election took place in 2005 when Joseph Ratzinger was chosen as the 117th pope.
The chapel also plays a significant role in Catholic theology. It is here that new doctrines are proclaimed by the popes in meetings called ecumenical councils.
The Sistine Chapel (Italian: Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Palace of the Vatican, the Roman Catholic Pope's official residence in Vatican City. It is named after Pope Sixtus IV who had it built between 1475 and 1484.
The Sistine Chapel was originally used by the popes as a place to meet with their bishops. Over time it became known for its lavish decoration. The most famous piece of art inside is Michelangelo's 1517-24 painting _The Creation of Adam_.
The Sistine Chapel is open from Monday to Saturday at 9:30am until 5pm. On Sunday and holidays it is open at 10:00am until 4:30pm. There is an admission fee of 30 euro for adults, 22 euro for students, and free for children under 16. Children under five are not allowed into the chapel.
The best way to see the paintings is by taking one of the scheduled tours that are available in multiple languages daily at 11:15am, 2:15pm, and 3:45pm. These include English, French, German, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Russian, and Portuguese.
There is also a self-guided audio tour available in English, French, German, Spanish, and Italian.
It is famous for its Renaissance art, particularly the ceiling painted by Michelangelo, and receives over 5 million tourists each year. The Sistine Chapel is built atop the ruins of an ancient chapel known as the Capella Magna. Pope Sixtus IV ordered the chapel's reconstruction in 1477, and it was afterwards dedicated after him. It is this new Sistine Chapel that attracts so many visitors today; the old one is now on display in the Vatican Museum.
The name "Michelangelo" is given to all sorts of things related to art, architecture, and entertainment. As a painter he is called the "Renaissance man", because of his skill in several different fields. He was also a sculptor and architect, and his work is seen everywhere in Rome - including the Vatican City itself.
Michelangelo Buonarroti was born on April 15th, 1475, in Caprese di Roma (a town near Florence), Italy. His father was a notary public (a government official who administers justice) while his mother was a daughter of a wealthy family from Parma. She died when Michelangelo was only nine years old, which caused great hardship for him because he needed her support since he had no other source of income. He received some education from local scholars and at the age of 18 started working as a painter in Rome. Here he met several important artists such as Raphael, who became his friend and mentor.