Concrete is a combination of 1 part cement to 4–5 parts aggregate, and a cubic metre of completed concrete weighs roughly 2.5 tonnes, thus 500kg of cement, or 20x25kg bags, is required. In a 25kg bag, there is approximately 1/100th, or 0.01 m3. What is the volume of concrete in a 25 kilogram bag? Round up to the nearest meter cubed.
Concrete is a mixture of water and cement that sets into a solid substance when mixed together properly. Cement is the key ingredient that makes concrete strong; without it, the mix of water and sand or gravel would be useless. Concrete can also include other ingredients such as plasticizers, air-entraining agents, colorants, and accelerators to speed up the setting process. The type of cement used affects how the concrete will perform when exposed to heat or chemicals. For example, if you use acid resistant cement, the concrete will remain usable at lower temperatures during construction.
The density of concrete varies depending on what type of cement is used and the ratio of water to cement. Cement absorbs water to create a chemical reaction that binds the cement particles together. This new mass is called "cement paste". The more water there is relative to cement, the lighter the cement paste will be. If there is too much water, the cement will not set into a solid substance and instead remain as a loose powder that cannot support any weight.
One bag of cement weighs around 25 kilograms, and one cubic metre of portland cement weighs approximately 1500 kg, or 1.5 tons, hence the volume of a 25kg bag of cement is 25/1500 = 0.0166 cubic meters. This means that there are about 6.6 million milliliters in a cubic meter of cement.
The density of cement powder is 3 kilos per cubic meter, so the volume of a cubic meter of cement is 30000 ml or 33 gallons. This means that there are approximately 9.5 billion grams in a ton of cement.
A standard bag of cement has an average mass of 50 grams, or 0.05 kilogram, therefore there are 4500 bags in a ton of cement.
In Canada, one bag of cement costs $7 to $9, meaning the cost of one ton of cement is $42,000 to $54,000. In India, one bag of cement is never more than $3, so the price of one ton of cement is $27,000.
Cement production uses a large amount of energy. One ton of cement requires 2200 kJ of heat, which comes from burning fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas, plus some waste heat from other processes. Cement manufacturing also produces significant amounts of carbon dioxide, water pollution, and sulfur dioxides.
You can also read this article: In Concrete Calculation, what is 1.54? Cement volume = 0.22 x 1440 = 316.8 kg One bag of cement, as we all know, contains 50 kg of cement. Required cement bags = 316.8/50 = 6.33 bags Assume the concrete has a water/cement ratio of 0.45. This means it will take 4.5 m of water for each 500 g of cement, so 10 km of water under pressure would be needed for the mix.
The total weight of the concrete required is then 0.5 x 6340 = 3240 kg.
One cubic meter (1 m3) of concrete weighs about 2200 kg. So, the quantity required is about 22 m3 or 20 cartons.
As mentioned earlier, the strength of concrete improves with time and exposure to water. Therefore, your required quantity of material may increase as the concrete cures.
For example, if you wanted a concrete slab that was twice as thick after one year, you would need four times the amount of concrete used today. The rule of thumb is that you should prepare enough concrete to last for at least three times the expected life of the concrete, but no more than five times the expected life of the concrete.
So, if you expect the concrete to last for ten years, you should prepare a quantity of concrete sufficient to last for fifteen years.