There are 23 figures. The Bonifacio Monument—an obelisk with 23 bronze figures atop an octagonal base with an eight-rayed sun; with a 45-foot tall pylon bearing the winged figure of Victory; encompassing an area of 200 sqm at the time of its unveiling—would have a specific meaning, every detail...
The figures represent the years 1796 to 1835 when Antonio José de Oliveira Castro (a.k.a. "Bonifacio") was alive. They were sculpted by French and Portuguese artists.
It is estimated that the total cost of the project was about $40,000 in 1835 dollars.
Antonio López de Santa Anna was the president of Mexico at the time of its construction. He had been elected in December 1836 but not inaugurated until February 2, 1837. During his term of office he went on a trip to Europe where he secured additional funds from France and Portugal for the monument. When he returned to Mexico City in March 1838 he was accompanied by two French engineers who had worked on the project. One of these men, Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, was hired by Santa Anna as his chief architect. The other man, Charles François Lebrun, was appointed director of works. Both men traveled with Santa Anna during his stay in Mexico City. In April 1838 Santa Anna signed a decree ordering the initiation of work on the monument.
The Bonifacio Monument, an obelisk sculpted by Guillermo Tolentino in 1933, rises to a height of 13.7 m (45 ft); the obelisk is made up of five pieces symbolizing five facets of society, "Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan" ("From the age of eight, everyone should learn patriotism"). The monument stands in front of the old US Embassy building on M. Halsey Taylor Avenue in Makati City.
The idea for the monument came from President José P. Laurel who wanted to honor the memory of Dr. Antonio S. Bonifacio, a prominent Filipino patriot and revolutionary who helped establish the Philippine Republic from 1872 to 1898. Dr. Bonifacio was executed by Spanish authorities but has become a popular national hero after his death.
The monument itself was funded by the American government through the Department of State. It was designed by Guillermo Tolentino, a famous sculptor of the time, and it was built by Malate Construction Company. The monument was unveiled on April 12, 1933 by then-American Ambassador Halsey Taylor who called it "a memorial to the immortal man who gave his life for his country".
It is estimated that it will take about 80,000 hours to clean the monument - that's about 557 days! The cleaning staff at the monument include some volunteers who help out during set hours each day.
Andres Bonifacio Monument-Lawton/Forms Sculpture
The Bonifacio Monument is a sculpture by American artist James Earl Hardy. It is located in Washington, D.C.'s Judiciary Square. The monument was designed by Lawton Johnson and completed in 1965. It measures 33 feet high by 54 feet wide.
The statue is of Andres Bonifacio, an influential Filipino patriot who led the struggle for independence from Spain. He has been called "the father of the nation" because of his role in promoting awareness about Philippine history and achievements while advocating for greater national self-determination.
After the assassination of President Ferdinand Marcos in 1989, the Bonifacio Monument came under criticism for its depiction of Bonifacio as a revolutionary leader. His face is shown wearing military attire; some observers felt this was inappropriate since he had not fought in any war. In response to these criticisms, the Congress of the Philippines passed a resolution in 1990 asking that the image be changed. However, this request was rejected by the District of Columbia City Council, which approved an agreement with the sculptor allowing him to retain the piece as is.
There are twelve statues in all. Ten represent men and two represent women.
The ten men are known as the "fathers of the Commonwealth". They include Sir Christopher Wren, who designed London's St Paul's Cathedral; George Gilbert Scott, who built Edinburgh's Scottish National Gallery; and Thomas Harrison, who developed the first successful iron bridge over a river in Britain. The two women are Grace Darling and Eleanor Roosevelt.
The statues were sculpted by various artists and inaugurated on 13 May 1872. The cost was met through public subscription, with each donor receiving a copy of the statutes when they were erected.
They stand in a circle at the centre of the square, each figure standing 3 feet (1 m) high and made from red Northamptonshire marble. A brass plaque beneath each statue contains information about the subject's life and work.
The largest statue is that of King William IV, who died in 1850, and stands at the west end of the south circle. He is depicted in full royal regalia including crown, scepter and orb.
These sculptures are part of the square's original 18th century design and symbolize eight French cities: Brest, Rouen, Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux, Nantes, Lille, and Strasbourg. The granite monument, which was given to France as a gift by Egypt in 1829, is approximately 3,000 years old and is 23 meters (75 feet) tall. It was restored between 1994 and 1998 at a cost of $4 million.
In addition to being one of Paris's most popular attractions, the Concorde is also home to two important museums: the Musée d'Orsay and the Picasso Museum. Both are free to enter.
The Musée d'Orsay was built around 1870 by Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann to house France's national art collection. It originally consisted only of paintings from all over the world but has since been expanded with additional rooms for sculpture, ceramics, and furniture. In total, it contains more than 2,500 pieces of artwork.
The Picasso Museum was built in 1973 on the site of an old factory that had been destroyed by bombing during World War II. The museum is dedicated to the life and work of Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881-1973). It houses many of his most famous works such as Women of Algiers, La Guillotine, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.
Tolentino, Guillermo The Andres Bonifacio Monument, also known as the Bonifacio Monument or Monumento, is a memorial monument in Caloocan, Philippines, created by National Artist Guillermo Tolentino to honor Philippine rebel Andres Bonifacio, founder and supremo of the Katipunan. The monument was designed by Pablo Antonio and completed in 1952.
Bonifacio was imprisoned by the Spanish government for trying to establish an independent nation called "Philippines". He died of tuberculosis in 1852 at the age of 36. His death sparked off the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish rule which ended with the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato by his former enemies the Spaniards and American forces under General Mazzini.
The monument was erected by the people of Caloocan in commemoration of Bonifacio's role in the revolution that led to the creation of the Philippines as an independent country. It stands 24 meters high and is made of dark green volcanic rock with white marble statues on top representing the four seasons. The monument faces the town plaza where annual festivals are held in his honor every April 12 (his birthday) and October 15 (the anniversary of his death).
Guillermo Tolentino was born on August 4, 1906 in San Miguel de Mayumo, Bulacan. He finished his elementary education in his hometown and then went to Manila where he enrolled in the University of the Philippines College of Fine Arts.