The House of Representatives chamber is decked in green, whilst the Senate chamber is painted in crimson. The Members' Hall, which contains a water feature and is not available to the public, is located between the two chambers. There are also three other halls - the Speaker's Chamber, the Library and the Dining Room.
Canberra was originally planned as a city for ministers and officials only, with all homes designated for them. But this plan did not take into account the need for families living in the capital. So the government has provided some public housing, resulting in a mix of commercial buildings and residential blocks. There are even several universities in the capital!
There are currently around 20,000 people living in the federal capital territory, most of whom are employed by the government sector. This means that nearly every job has an associated pay check, which generally helps keep prices low. Indeed, it's one of the reasons why Canberra is often described as "Australia's most liveable city".
The population of Canberra has been growing steadily since its creation in 1913, when just over 2000 people lived here. Today, it is estimated that more than 30,000 people call the federal capital territory their home. This growth can be attributed to the quality of life in Canberra being better than in other Australian cities of a similar size.
The Parliament House is a massive circular, colonnaded sandstone structure located northwest of Vijay Chowk. The structure has three semicircular chambers for the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and a Central Library, topped by a 29.9m high dome over which the tricolors of the Indian flag presently fly.
It was built between 1772 and 1788 to design by Irish architect George Henry Lawrence who also designed New York's United States Capitol. The building is an example of Neoclassical architecture.
The total area of the complex is about 32,000 square meters (339,829 sq ft) with a construction cost of about £1.5 million ($2.3 million). It took more than 10,000 workers eight years to complete the project. At the time of its completion it was considered one of the most ambitious public works programs in British-ruled India.
The building is still used today for legislative purposes and is also commonly referred to as "India's Capitol".
Parliament House was originally built for the Governor-General of Bengal. But after India became a republic in 1950, it was decided that the national legislature should have its own home. So, the former governor-general's house was assigned to other uses.
The central government currently leases some parts of Parliament House to use as its offices while others are given out as state guesthouses.
The preferred legislative arrangement is thought to have two chambers, with a Lower House and an Upper House of review. Queensland and the two territories are the only states in Australia with only one parliamentary chamber, whereas the Federal Parliament and all other states have two. However, unlike most other states, Queensland has an unelected upper house called the Legislative Council. It has 15 members, including three each from Aboriginal communities, government agencies, religious groups, and private citizens. The oldest living former member of the Legislative Council is Hetty Johnston, who was born in 1876.
The Legislative Assembly has 40 seats divided between Labor and Liberal/National parties. Elections are held every four years with the last election being on 21 March 2016. The governor general at the time, Sir Paul Scott, formally declared the result of the election after an extensive legal challenge by the LNP leader, Campbell Newman. The ALP won 29 seats, compared to 11 for the LNP. The remaining 1 seat went to an independent candidate following the resignation of Nick Xenophon Team MP Bob Katter.
In Australian law, legislatures can legislate on any subject within their jurisdiction. The constitution of Queensland prohibits the creation of a third chamber of parliament without voter approval through a constitutional amendment. However, the current government recently announced its intention to introduce legislation to create a new upper house - the Legislative Council.