There were five fatalities. Five people were killed in the collapse of the Empire State Building. Although it is said that hundreds perished during construction, official records show that five employees died as a result of slip and fall incidents or being struck by large materials. Another 50 people may have been injured.
The Empire State Building was built in just under four years. It took a total of 1,562 days to complete the project. During this time, 5 people died working on the building. There were also several other accidents that occurred while it was being constructed which led to more deaths.
An early example of a safety net installed at a skyscraper site is shown in construction photographs from the year 1911. The photo shows a steel framework with webbing between each frame member designed to prevent workers from falling off the side of a building under construction at the time. This type of safety equipment was used at many different sites across the country.
In 1914, the United States government passed the Federal Factory Act. One requirement of this act was that every factory have a plan for saving lives. Thus, early in its life, the Empire State Building had an emergency exit system installed with fire doors at each floor level. These fire doors could be closed in case of a fire to prevent outside air from spreading the flames into other parts of the building.
Another way buildings protect their workers is through training.
The Empire State Building, which had five deaths among its 3,400 employees during construction; the World Trade Center building in the 1970s, which had 60 construction worker deaths; the Sears Tower, which had five worker deaths in two instances; and Las Vegas' CityCenter.
All these buildings are skyscrapers, which means that they're very high. And like any other human construction, some things can go wrong. There have been problems with faulty materials that have caused accidents. There have been times when workers have been injured or killed while working at extreme heights.
For example, in 1937 an ironworker died after falling from the Empire State Building. He was standing on a steel beam when it collapsed under him. A few months later, another ironworker fell to his death at the same spot. This time there were rumors that the first man had pushed him out of pity, but no one really knew for sure what happened. However, police did find evidence that showed that both men were standing on the beam at the same time, which meant that it was probably not responsible for either death.
Another incident occurred in 1991 when a scaffold pole broke under the weight of a worker on it in windy conditions. The man fell four stories to his death. This incident should have been warning enough for developers to make sure that such things don't happen again by using different methods to construct buildings today.
The Empire State Building was finally completed ahead of schedule and under budget, but it came at a tragic cost: at least five employees were killed during construction.
A scaffold pole slipped outside of its trench on January 16, 1931, killing five men and injuring three more. A sixth man died several days later. The accident occurred when a 48-inch-diameter steel pipe, part of a ladder used in building the structure, fell 20 stories onto West 49th Street. It was not until nearly a year later that the name of the dead man was released: he was 28 years old and from New Jersey.
Another fatal accident happened on August 27, 1932. This time four men were killed and two others were injured when a wall collapsed on top of them while they were working on the 38th floor. The cause of the accident was determined to be safety violations such as only having one worker on a scaffold and no guardrail around an open-air elevator well.
A third death occurred on September 9, 1938 when a 42-year-old carpenter named William Best was hit by a taxi while crossing 34th Street near Fifth Avenue. The driver of the taxi didn't see him due to poor visibility caused by rain and foggy conditions.
Officially, five employees died during construction, although the New York Daily News reported 14 deaths, and a headline in the socialist publication The New Masses disseminated unsubstantiated allegations of up to 42 deaths. In any case, no one was killed while erecting the tower.
That's according to the best information I could find, but it does not appear that any workers fell to their death.
There were some near-miss incidents involving scaffolding that required safety changes but no one was seriously injured.
However, there are several unexplained incidents reported by historians at the construction site. A 36-year-old laborer named William Best was working on the 86th floor when he slipped through an opening in the scaffolding and fell to his death. His body was taken to Bellevue Hospital where doctors determined he had broken every bone in his body.
Another incident involved Charles Sheats, a 32-year-old carpenter from Upstate New York. On June 20, 1931, he climbed up a steel beam on the 103rd floor with two other men. At the time, this was the highest floor that electricity was being used to lift materials into place.
Since its completion in 1931, at least 30 individuals have leaped from the Empire State Building. Dovid Abramowitz, 21, was the last person to die before Kanovsky. On July 4, 1990, William "Bill" Warneke II jumped from the building and survived with only minor injuries.
The best way to die is lying down, having a cup of coffee, and reading a good book. At least that's what they tell us in the movies. Actually, statistics show that if you use common sense and follow these 10 rules, you'll live a long life.
1. Don't drink beer. Beer contains alcohol, which is toxic to your body. Drinking it regularly will cause damage to your stomach, liver, and pancreas.
2. Don't eat foods high in fat or sugar. Eating too much of these things will add up to become very harmful for your body.
3. Get at least seven hours of sleep each day. If you don't get enough sleep, you will feel tired all the time without even trying hard. Tired people tend to make bad decisions, which can lead to accidents.
4. Avoid smoking cigarettes. Smoking causes cancer of the lungs, mouth, and throat.
Today, however, the Empire State Building is stuffed full of firms, both huge and small, employing thousands of people. In reality, the building employs almost 20,000 people. It's just that most of them are not staff members but rather contractors who work for builders or managers hired by the building's owner, which in this case is a real estate investment trust called Extell Development Company.
The Empire State Building was constructed between 1931 and 1937 at a cost of $40 million ($450 million in 2015 dollars). At the time it was built, it was considered to be the world's tallest skyscraper. Today, it is ranked as the 8th tallest building in the world.
The building has been called the "Taj Mahal of the Hudson River" because of its magnificent design and also due to its being the only skyscraper in New York City to have been declared a national landmark. The Empire State Building is also famous for having been the setting of several popular movies including: "Manhattan '01", "A Beautiful Mind", "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon", and most recently, "Cloud Atlas".