Dilwara Temple Architecture: The Dilwara temples are made up of five temples that are of the same size and are all single-story. All of the temples contain 48 pillars with gorgeous sculptures of girls in various dance stances. The "Ranga Mandapa," a dome-shaped ceiling, is the temple's greatest feature. It has been said to be modeled after the Rang Mahal, a palace built by King Bhimdev I in Rajasthan, India. There are three main entrances into the temple complex. The western entrance is known as the "Gopura" and leads into the Garbhagriha, or sacred space where idols are housed. The other two entrances are on the north and south sides of the complex.
There are actually six gates but they're not used for entering the temple complex. The six gates are named after the cities or towns they lead to: Jambudvipa, Malabar, Karnataka, Tirupati, Dwaraka and Srisailam.
The temples are located in the city of Sirkali in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The entire temple complex is surrounded by a wall with only three entry points: the Gopura, the northern gateway and the southern gateway. The walls around the temple complex were originally painted red but now are mostly white. In addition, there are four more buildings inside the wall containing rooms for priests and monks.
Temple Structure Hindu temples come in a variety of designs and sizes—rectangular, octagonal, and semicircular—with various styles of domes and gateways. The most common type is the rectangular temple with four gates and a dome on top. There are also triangular and hexagonal temples.
The exact shape and size of a Hindu temple can be an indication of the deity it represents. For example, a rectangular temple indicates that the deity is first-class (major) status; otherwise, they would not need such grand structures to represent themselves. Also, larger temples usually represent higher-status deities.
As for size, most temples are small, with a floor area of less than 10,000 square feet (930 m2). Larger temples are called stupas and can range in size from 20,000 to 500,000 square feet (1,892-46,070 m2).
Hindu temples serve three main purposes: they house sacred objects that must be protected from the world's dangers; they provide a place of prayer for anyone who enters them; and finally, they mark the physical location of a holy site or shrine.
Various types of Hindu temples According to Shilpa Shastras, there are three forms of temple architecture. The three primary types of temple architecture are Nagara (Northern style), Dravida (Southern style), and Vesara (Mixed style). These names come from the building materials used to construct them. Nagara temples are constructed of stone or brick with wooden beams supporting the roof. Dravida temples are built using only wood for their frame work with a thatched or tiled roof. Vesara temples contain elements of both nagara and dravida styles.
In addition to these primary forms, there are various other variations on each type. For example, Nagara temples may have either a flat or pyramidal roof while Dravida temples usually have a dome-shaped ceiling. The walls of Vesara temples are generally plain but sometimes have intricate carvings or paintings.
Nagara is the most common type of temple in India. It can be found everywhere in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. Dravida temples are more common in Southern India while Vesara temples can be found in the north as well as the south. They are most numerous in Tamil Nadu.
What is so special about constructing temples out of stone? Stone is one of the most important elements in Hinduism.
Dilwara's last three temples are much smaller. This temple, also known as the Adinatha temple, was erected between 1316 and 1432 AD by Bhima Shah, a minister of Sultan Begada of Ahmedabad. In the temple, a large metal statue of the first Tirthankara, Rishabha Dev (Adinath), cast in five metals, is erected. It has been suggested that this might be the largest five-metal statue in the world.
The second temple, called the Ambalakkeshwarar temple, was built about 50 years later than the Adi Ratna temple. It too is made of marble, with some sandstone and lime mortar used in its construction. The main idol, named Ambalakkeshwarar, is in the form of a linga (phallic symbol) covered with gold plates and jewels. This temple is dedicated to the same god but in a different form.
The third and smallest Dilwara temple was built nearly 100 years after the other two temples. It houses the Jambudvipa (world mountain) shrine, which is one of the oldest religious sites in India. The main idol here is called Jambudvipa, and it is believed to have been brought from Mount Kailash in Tibet. The original image is made of wood and is thought to be more than 1000 years old.