The Great Pyramid, the oldest, biggest, and most famous of the pyramids, is the last of the "seven wonders" of the ancient world to remain. It was built for King Khafre around 2500 B.C. by conscripting labor from as far away as Honshu, Japan.
Pyramids were originally constructed as tombs for pharaohs who ruled over Egypt. They were used as ceremonial monuments after they had been abandoned by their owners. The Great Pyramid was built by King Khafre (2558-2532 B.C.) as a memorial to his father Pharaoh Khufu. It is estimated that 20,000 people worked on the pyramid over a period of about 30 years. The largest pyramid ever built before or since contains approximately 2 million stone blocks and is 889 feet long, 146 feet wide, and 38 feet high. The Great Pyramid remains one of the greatest mysteries because we do not know who its architect was or where he/she came from. Some scientists believe him to be a foreigner because many advanced building techniques had not yet been discovered in Egypt at the time. Others think he was an Egyptian because they believe there was no one else capable of designing and building such a structure. No one knows for sure but it's a great mystery that has fascinated people for centuries.
It was built 4,500 years ago as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu of the fourth dynasty and formerly stood 481 feet tall. The Great Pyramid now stands 450 feet tall.
Pharaoh Khufu also ordered the building of a smaller pyramid for his son Djedefre. However, he died before it could be completed. Experts believe that the ruins of this unfinished pyramid may lie beneath the Great Pyramid.
Also on the Giza Plateau is the Boulak Museum, which houses a large collection of Egyptian artifacts that are kept in glass cases behind protective panels. The museum is open daily from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm except on religious holidays when it closes at noon. Entry is free but donations are accepted.
The best way to see the pyramids is by taking a tour. There are many companies that offer bus tours of Giza and other areas of Egypt; however, some people feel that these tours do not give you enough time to see all of the sites so they offer taxi tours instead. These tours are more expensive but allow you to go at your own pace.
The buses used by most companies will take you up to the pyramids but none will take you inside them.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest landmark on the list of the Ancient World's Seven Wonders. It's also the only one that's still standing. It is a work of human engineering and construction that surpasses any edifice erected in the previous few hundred years in size and scope. The Great Pyramid is without a doubt one of the most impressive structures ever built by humans.
In addition to being extremely large, it is also remarkably well-preserved after thousands of years. The granite used to build the pyramid was transported hundreds of miles from Sinai to Giza. The entire population of Egypt could not have been responsible for the erection of this monument.
The Great Pyramid is the final resting place of several pharaohs including Khufu (who ordered the building of the pyramid), Khafre (Khufu's son), and Chephren (the king who may have designed the pyramid). Each new king would continue to build their own tomb within the confines of the pyramid complex, thereby creating a burial site for themselves or their successors. This practice continued for almost 200 years after the death of Khufu.
It's difficult to put a value on the achievement of the builders of the Great Pyramid, but an estimate ranges from 25 to 30 million US dollars. This makes the pyramid the most expensive single structure in history. It's also estimated that it required about 20,000 workers over an unknown period of time to complete.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world that still stands today. The Great Pyramid, erected by the Egyptians in the third century BCE, is one of many huge pyramid structures created to commemorate the dead Pharaohs. It is so large that it can be used as a model for larger pyramids.
The other six pyramids were built between 250 and 600 years after the Great Pyramid. They were all constructed of limestone or granite and each has a different shape. Three of them (the Pyramids of Giza, the Pyramid of Dahshur and the Pyramid of Meroe) were used for royal tombs. The other three (the Pyramid of Dashruti, the Pyramid of Snefru and the Pyramid of Zabid) were probably never inhabited.
Of the nine pyramids, four (the Great Pyramid, the Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramid of Dashruti and the Pyramid of Zabid) remain today nearly in their original form. The others have been destroyed over time or altered by humans. The tallest pyramid ever built was the Giza Pyramid, which at its peak was 467 feet (142 m) tall. It was also remarkably wide at the base, measuring about 740 feet (230 m).
Only one of the original seven marvels, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the oldest of the ancient wonders, has survived remarkably intact. The Colossus of Rhodes, Alexandria's Lighthouse, Halicarnassus' Mausoleum, the Temple of Artemis, and Zeus' Statue were all destroyed. However, the Doric Order style of architecture was adopted later in other monuments to preserve the memory of these early civilizations.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only remaining monument from the Ancient Egyptian New Kingdom (1550-1070 B.C.). It is also the largest pyramid in existence today, covering an area of about 23,000 square meters (270,000 sq ft). By volume, it is the largest building in history. The pyramid was built for Pharaoh Khufu but may have been occupied later by his son King Djedefre. Some historians believe that Khufu may have been buried inside the pyramid itself.
Some people think that because the Great Pyramid is more than 5000 years old it should be considered ancient but really modern architects are using methods similar to those used back then so it is clear that true ancient builders still exist today.
Furthermore, not all ancient buildings survive completely intact. For example, many temples have been demolished over time to build other things or altered by archaeologists who want to display their interpretation of the culture they're studying.
The Giza Pyramids are the oldest and only preserved wonder of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Giza Pyramids were previously encased in a white casing constructed of gleaming limestone that was so polished that it reflected the sun's beams. However, this has recently been changed due to damage being caused by sunlight shining on the pyramids' surfaces.
Constructed over a period of approximately 400 years between 2650 and 2550 B.C., the three pyramids at Giza were built for Pharaohs Khufu (also known as Cheops), Khafre, and Menkure. They are the largest and most massive stone structures ever built into earthworks. Today, they are located within the Giza Archaeological Park, which is managed by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. The park contains many other ancient monuments including the Great Sphinx, the Bent Pyramid, and the White Pyramid.
The Giza Pyramids are famous for their size and weight. Each pyramid is over 4300 feet long, almost 300 feet high, and weighs around 2 million tons. This makes them the biggest and heaviest objects ever built with solid rock.
There are several reasons why the Giza Pyramids are so amazing that scientists are still trying to figure out how they were built.