The low cavea was for knights, while the middle cavea, with 19 rows and 32 entrances, was for the middle class, the "Maenianum summum." The public was given access to the top cavea, which had 37 rows. There were 50 rows of stone in all, with the plebe portions built of wood. The entire structure could hold 50,000 people.
The building of the Colosseum lasted 12 years and its completion date is estimated to be 80 or 90 AD. It was demolished after only 40 years of use. The cause of its early demolition is not known for certain, but it may have been because of damage caused by an earthquake in AD 63. However, this theory has been disputed by some historians who claim that the real reason was due to money problems - the government did not want to pay for such a grand project any longer.
The Colosseum is an example of Roman architecture and design. It influenced later architects such as Gaudí and Eiffel, leading them to create buildings similar to the Colosseum. It also led to the development of amphitheaters in Europe.
The Colosseum, like modern-day stadiums, contained box seats for affluent and influential people. The upper floor was set aside for commoners. Slaves, senators, Vestal Virgins, and members of the common public were among those who attended. The box seats were small, but they offered a great view of the action below.
The lower level of the Colosseum was divided into three sections: men's toilets, women's toilets, and the caldarium (hot room). Men and women separated into different facilities to avoid sexual harassment by spectators. In addition, people of different social classes were kept separate, with the rich sitting in the highest seats and slaves working down below.
The Colosseum was not just a place where games were played; it was also a place where people were punished. Punishments included execution, crucifixion, burning at the stake, and impalement.
After the fall of the Roman Empire in A.D. 400, buildings such as the Colosseum fell into disuse. However, during the Renaissance era, architects began to use these old structures as a basis for designing new ones. Today, only parts of the original Colosseum remain; the rest has been rebuilt or modified for various purposes including housing and commercial space.
There's a backstory to that floor. It appears to be something that should have a minotaur in the center of it. This is the hypogeum, which is derived from the Greek word meaning "underground." The hypogeum was where the animals and gladiators were housed before entering the arena, thus keeping the enchantment alive for the audience. Unfortunately, nobody knows what happened to the minotaurs after they were used up. Some think they were killed by Caesar when he decided not to renew the contract with their keeper.
The middle of the Colosseum is also known as the "palestra" (from Latin for "sweat lodge"). This was where gladiators warmed up before going into the arena. They would strip down and exercise while hot stones were placed on them to help loosen their muscles before being dressed again.
This place was also where prisoners who had been sentenced to death were kept before being taken out to the Palatine Hill to be executed.
If you visit the Colosseum today, you will see many signs all over the place telling you where to stand to see certain things within the structure. These are called "indicationi," and they help visitors understand how things appeared to be back when the Colosseum was new.
For example, if you want to see the entire thing from top to bottom, then you need to stand in line at the appropriate spot.
The seats at the Colosseum were constructed in tiers to mirror the old Roman order. These tiers comprised reserved seating for senators, non-senatorial noble citizens, military, foreign dignitaries, intellectuals, and others. The general public was provided with free admission to the games and could choose to sit anywhere within the arena.
The tiers were divided by curtain walls that reached up to 70 feet high and separated the more expensive upper levels from the cheaper lower ones. There were no concrete or steel beams used in its construction which makes it a true historical monument. The tiers were built of marble and stone, with some exceptions; for example, the lowest level had wood frames with canvas covering them. The whole structure was covered in thick layers of plaster that were painted black to absorb heat during games.
There were no rules regarding dress at the Colosseum so people came to watch lions, gladiators, and other animals kill each other in plain clothes. Some even brought their own food and drinks into the arena with them!
The Colosseum was open for over 100 years and saw many events held inside it including crucifixions, executions, and battles between armies. It was also used for religious shows and music festivals until it was closed in AD 80.