Contrary to popular belief, the Great Pyramid is an eight-sided building, not a four-sided construction. From base to tip, each of the pyramid's four sides is evenly separated by extremely tiny concave indentations. The dimensions of the faces of the pyramid are 493 feet (151 m) on each side.
In addition to its size, another reason why the Great Pyramid is so interesting is because it was built as a tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. As you might know, the king is buried alongside his wife and children in a complex called the Valley of the Kings. The Great Pyramid was intended to be a replica of the king's own burial chamber inside the larger pyramid complex.
Since its construction around 2650 BC, the Great Pyramid has been considered one of the greatest works of architecture in history. It is estimated that the pyramid requires about 21,000 tons of stone, including 10,000 tons of limestone and 10,000 tons of granite. The stones were brought from a distance of about 300 miles (500 km) away from the site of the pyramid.
The exact number of blocks used to build the Great Pyramid has been a subject of debate since the time of Herodotus (fifth century BC).
Isn't the Great Pyramid of Giza's foundation square? No, not exactly. The two middle sides are longer than the other two.
Modern researchers believe that the Great Pyramid was built as a tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu (also known as Cheops). It is said that Khufu wanted to be buried next to his wife while still in life. Therefore, it makes sense that one of the main features of the Great Pyramid is its perfectionistic design. In fact, there is only one other ancient structure that comes even close to matching the size and complexity of the Great Pyramid: the Pyramid of Giza itself!
Both pyramids were constructed using a systematic, mathematical approach that was not available at the time. The Egyptians used stones that had been taken from various locations within hundreds of miles to build both monuments. They also employed many thousands of workers over an extensive period of time to complete the projects.
In conclusion, historians agree that the Great Pyramid is the most impressive monument ever built by man. The fact that it remains standing after thousands of years is proof of its greatness.
The Great Pyramid of Egypt, as seen in the diagram at the top of the page, has a square base and four triangular sides, and this is what most people think of when they hear the term "pyramid." However, from a mathematical standpoint, the base might have any number of sides, three or more. The pyramid itself may have any number of sides too, including infinity.
There are actually two different types of pyramids: those with three sides (triangular) and those with four (square). Although not very often seen today, four-sided pyramids were built throughout ancient Egypt. The only other place where you will find many four-sided pyramids is in Mexico. Three-sided pyramids are much more common and can be found all over the world, including Egypt.
Four-sided pyramids were usually located on sacred sites near water where the sun would rise directly behind them every morning. This must have made it easy for priests to pray toward the rising sun for its blessing. Modern scientists believe that these pyramids were used as calendars because they contain astronomical markers indicating when each season should begin. There are also theories that the builders of these pyramids tried to represent the stars in order to keep track of seasons and times of year.
Three-sided pyramids were built for several reasons. One reason is that they are easier to construct than four-sided pyramids.