Many massive mansions were then built, ornamented with columns, paintings, sculptures, and expensive pieces of art. Some of these residences are believed to have cost up to two million denarii. The Vestibulum, Ostium, Atrium, Alae, Tablinum, Fauces, and Peristylium were the main components of a Roman home. Each one had its own special meaning.
The Vestibule was the first room people entered when they came to visit a Roman citizen. It was used as a place to wash hands before entering the next room. The word "vestibule" comes from Latin meaning "to wash".
The atrium was the main living area of a Roman house. It was usually open on three or four sides so that sunlight could enter the room. This is why many buildings during this time period were constructed with large openings on their facades for visibility. Inside the atrium there were tables where meals were eaten, along with some other amenities like hot showers and toilets. The word "atrium" comes from the Latin meaning "where meals are taken".
The ala was a wing of a house. There were two kinds of alae: public and private. The Publius family was one of the richest in ancient Rome; it owned two private alae. A library, music room, and greenhouse were also part of their residence. The word "alae" comes from the Latin meaning "wing".
They were single-story dwellings constructed around a courtyard called an atrium. Atriums had no roofs and chambers that opened off of them. A wealthy Roman home included several rooms, including a kitchen, bath, dining room, bedrooms, and slave quarters. Water was delivered to the wealthy's homes via lead pipes. The Romans invented many things for which we are now grateful, such as plumbing and roads, but they also developed methods for extracting coal and oil that caused serious environmental damage.
At first, most houses in Rome belonged to one of three categories: those of senators, knights, or free men who served as magistrates (cities officials). Later, houses began to be owned by individuals instead. Still later, houses were built for rent. This last development led to the rise of the slum. In ancient Rome, a house without ownership rights could be confiscated at any time and its occupants exiled or killed. Thus, renters needed protection from eminent domain - the government's right to take property for public use. Renters therefore moved into buildings that had already been constructed with an eye toward future occupancy-or else paid land owners not to build houses next door!
Inside the house, there might be a small room with a hole in the floor where the latrine was located. The room would be cleaned out once a week by a servant who carried out the waste.
However, one website had some intriguing comments about constructing a "villa style" home at an average cost of $1.2 million USD. So, if you don't want to reconstruct an old Roman villa of 105,500 square feet but rather a more modest residence of 2,500 to 3,500 square feet, expect to spend around a million dollars. The site also notes that the total cost of building a Roman house might be as high as $170 million.
In fact, the total cost of construction of a Roman house was very similar to that of a modern house: it depended on the size of the house and its material composition. Large houses were usually made of several independent rooms with walls and ceilings made of wood or plaster. Smaller houses consisted only of one room with a roof made of tiles or wooden shingles.
The largest and most luxurious houses in Rome had floors covered with marble or mosaic. Walls were often decorated with paintings or sculptures. Furniture was made of precious metals and fabrics. Overall, these houses resembled large hotels with all their luxuries right down to the servants' quarters behind the stables.
Rome was built of brick and stone, and many buildings survived from ancient times. But the majority were made of wood, which came from overseas imports. When the Romans built a new city, they used wood because there were no other materials available. In addition, wood is easy to work with for builders who know how to use tools.