With a $160,000 budget, the team of well-known architects and engineers had the challenging challenge of designing a structure that was supposed to appear like the haystacks of the Midwest. They used many different materials in the construction of the conservatory, including Japanese cypress for the wood frame and copper for the roof.
The conservatory opened to the public on May 1, 1903. It was built as an example home and office for C. M. Tarpley, a wealthy Chicago businessman who made his money in coal mining. The Garfield Park Conservatory is the only surviving structure from its time period. Today, it functions as a museum devoted to botany and horticulture with additional exhibits on music and art history.
The conservatory was designed by William W. Boyington and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., the same men who created Central Park in New York City. They wanted to create a greenhouse that would be attractive and functional for its time. The conservatory features a wooden floor and ceiling covered in cedar shingles, with walls lined with Japanese cypress. There are two rooms inside the conservatory: a plant room and an animal house. In addition, there is a small orchestra shell that can be used for concerts or other events.
Garfield Park Conservatory is open daily from 9 a.
When the components came, the building alone cost $500,000, which was a great figure at the time. The total cost of construction is estimated to be around $3 million.
Hammond Castle is one of the most expensive buildings in America. It took builders more than 10 years to complete this lavish mansion. The castle has 70 rooms and seven bathrooms. It is also said to have been inspired by the writings of William Shakespeare.
The castle's owner at the time it was built, Edward Hammond, was a wealthy industrialist who made his money with coal mines in West Virginia. He decided to build his own palace because he wanted something exclusive where he could entertain guests in style.
Hammond hired an architect from Philadelphia named John Nicholson with whom he worked closely during construction. Nicholson also designed nearby Spring Grove estate which is now a museum.
Construction on Hammond Castle began in 1872 and was finished four years later. The price included furniture for the house which was valued at $750,000 back then. That's more than $10 million in today's dollars!
Hammond died in 1896 at the age of 59.
The towering, famous monument with the faces of Washington, Roosevelt, Lincoln, and Jefferson began construction in 1927 and took 400 employees 14 years to complete. The overall cost was little less than $1 million.
The memorial was designed by architect Edwin Walker and modeled after the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. It features four large-scale sculptures by American artist James Earl Fraser: "Peace," "Progress," "Abundance," and "Equality."
The memorial's estimated market value is $10 million-$20 million.
Lincoln's face is the only one that isn't made of bronze; instead, it's carved from Illinois sandstone. The original plan was for all the figures to be made of marble, but due to the expense of the project this material was replaced over time with cheaper alternatives.
In addition to its use as a museum, library, and gallery space, the memorial serves as a public park where free concerts are held on the lawn each year on July 4, the anniversary of Lincoln's birth.
The memorial is maintained by the National Park Service (NPS).
It is located in Washington, D.C., across the Potomac River from Capitol Hill.