The Masjid Al-Haram mosque in Mecca is the world's most costly edifice, costing an astounding PS75 billion ($100 billion) to construct. The holy structure, located in the center of Saudi Arabia's pilgrimage destination, is 356,800 square meters in size. It can accommodate up to 5 million Muslims for prayers under the direction of a single imam.
The mosque was inaugurated on August 23, 2003 by King Abdullah. It has 24,000 gold plates used for decoration and 500 kg of gold leaf applied over its exterior. The interior walls are made of marble and granite while the ceiling is made of timber with Arabic writing it. There are seven different types of wood used for the construction of the masjid jiwa, kahu, nila, pakka, santoon, suru and tamarind.
It took more than 20 years to complete the project. The estimated cost of constructing the mosque has been revised multiple times since it first began planning in 1980. The final amount will depend on how much gold remains after other necessities are met by the government.
For example, when King Abdulaziz opened the second section of the mosque on May 29, 2004, he also announced that a whole new city would be built within walking distance of the mosque. This new city, called "Mecca City," will have shopping malls, hotels, and residential areas.
The total building cost is $100 billion. The Sacred Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Mecca, can hold up to four million people and surrounds the Ka'aba, the holiest shrine in Islam. It is 400,800 square meters (99 acres) in size and features both outdoor and interior worshiping areas. The mosque was officially opened in March 1973 by King Fahd after 10 years of construction.
The Masjid al-Haram project began in February 1970 when Saudi Arabia announced that it would build a new mosque as a replacement for its old one which was described as "too small" by King Abdulaziz. The new mosque was expected to cost around $100 million at that time. Work on the site began in March 1970 and the foundation stone was laid by Prince Khalid bin Sultan, then-governor of Riyadh Province. The mosque was completed in three phases over a period of ten years. The first phase consisted of the installation of the masjid al-haram sign along with the building of the entrance gate called the Muzdalifah. The second phase involved the construction of the mihrab (a niche in a wall or pillar indicating the direction of prayer), the arcades, and the minarets. The third phase saw the completion of the entire mosque including the addition of the two additional domes over the mihrab.
The Grand Mosque has become one of the most important symbols of Islam and of Saudi Arabia.
The overall cost of construction is $100 billion. It is 9,000 square meters (99 acres) in size and features both outdoor and interior worshiping areas. The Grand Mihrab, an inward-facing niche in a wall of the mosque that indicates the direction of the sanctuary's holy city, Saudi Arabia. Muslims around the world celebrate the beginning of each month by praying at the mosque before they start their days.
The Kaaba is the only object inside the mosque that non-Muslims are not allowed to enter. It is the holiest site in Islam and one of the most important places in the world for prayer for over a billion people. The building itself is made of limestone with some marble used for decoration. It has a golden roof covered in images from the Quran. There are several theories about who built the mosque, but it has been suggested that it was likely built either by Pharaoh Shishak or King Solomon. However, there is no conclusive evidence supporting these claims.
The Kaaba is exactly where Muslims around the world pray five times a day, every day. It is so important that it has been described as the "third Holy Temple" in Islam because it contains many of the same elements as the first two temples including the idol called the Black Stone which some claim is actually a piece of coal.
Mosque of Al Saleh
|Al-Saleh Mosque جَامِع الصالح|
|Style||Yemeni architectural style or Himyarite architecture|
|Construction cost||10 million US dollars|
The door, which was introduced by the late King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, is one of the world's largest gold masses, weighing 280 kilos of pure gold.
The Sacred Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Mecca, can hold up to four million people and surrounds the Ka'aba, the holiest shrine in Islam. It is 400,800 square meters (99 acres) in size and features both outdoor and interior worshiping areas.
The city has a population of four million inhabitants. The mosque was originally built by the Arabian tribe of Hashim in AD 625. It then went through several renovations and changes until it reached its current form in 1671. The Grand Muezzin leads the daily prayer inside the mosque.
The mosque is divided into two parts: the outer court called the Haram ash-sharqi (the eastern) and the inner court called the Haram ash-Sharif (the western). The outer court is open to the public while the inner court is only accessible to Muslims who have made the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives. Visitors can enter the inner court via the Gate of Mercy or Gate of Paradise. Inside the gate are rows of columns with arches that support an elevated walkway between them. This is where the morning prayer (salat al-fajr) is led by the Muazzin (muezzin). After the prayer, visitors press on toward the Holy Black Stone which is located under a white stone in a corner of the courtyard. Next to the black stone is an olive tree under which lies the Prophet Muhammad's sandal.