A steep slope provides for rapid discharge of moisture. In my opinion, the correct slope for metal roof systems is greater than 2 1/2:12. However, system makers allow for use on slopes of 1/4:12 or more. These systems are called "low profile" or "profile reduced". They can be used as ridge caps or standalone roofs. You should call the manufacturer to find out the exact slope that your system can handle.
Metal roof panels are attached with fasteners driven through the panel and into the substrate. The number and spacing of these fasteners affects the pitch of the roof. A fine grade sand is recommended for smoothing the surface after installation so that it will not reflect heat in hot weather or cause snow to melt and run off in cold weather.
The best way to determine if the roof pitch is too steep is by measuring from the bottom of one rafter to the next. If they are more than 6 inches apart, the pitch is too steep. If you have an existing metal roof, you can measure its current pitch and compare it to the recommendation given by its manufacturer. If the current pitch is higher, you may want to consider reducing it by shingling fewer rows of metal per foot or by using lighter gauge metal.
Pitch is the term used to describe the angle at which the roof's surface rises from one side to the other.
Depending on the roofing material, low-slope roofs generally have a minimum slope of one-fourth inch vertical to twelve inches horizontal (or 1/4:12 or 2%). Roofs with a 3:12 pitch are termed low-slope. Traditionally, low-slope roofs were erected using an asphalt built-up roof covering. Today, they can be made from many materials including slate, tile, metal, and concrete.
The term "low-pitch" applies to both the number of feet per minute that the water flows over the roof as well as the angle at which it drops off toward the end of the roof. For example, a roof pitched at 24 feet per minute will have a lower flow rate but a similar drop-off angle as a 36-foot-per-minute roof. Both types of roofs are referred to as low-pitch because the water flows slowly down the face of the building and drains away rather than puddling behind posts or under windows like those on high-pitched roofs.
The type of roof you need depends on how much rain falls in your area and the kind of protection you want to provide for your house. If you live in an area that experiences flooding or other damage caused by runoff, then you should consider installing floodproof shingles or tiles on your roof. These products are designed to absorb some of the impact of falling water while reducing the amount of debris that ends up in local bodies of water.
A 2/12 roof slope indicates that your roof has a 2 inch vertical drop for every 12 inch horizontal distance. Simply described, it's a low-slung roof. A shallow roof like this is more likely to be seen on a ranch home, a shed dormer, or a porch. These roofs are usually made of asphalt shingles, but they can also be found of wood shakes or clay tiles.
A 4/12 pitch roof has a vertical drop of 4 inches per 12 inches of horizontal distance. This type of roof is most common on industrial buildings and homes with high ceilings. It can also be found on some churches with steeply pitched gables.
A 6/12 pitch roof has a vertical drop of 6 inches per 12 inches of horizontal distance. This type of roof is used mostly on barns, although it can be found on houses as well. It's very durable because there's less chance of leaks due to its higher density than other pitches.
8/12 and 10/12 pitch roofs have the same drop size as 6/12 pitch roofs, but there are more rows of shingles per roll of roofing material. This makes these roofs more durable and resistant to wind and weather damage.
There are several types of asphalt shingles available on the market today, each with their own advantages.
Most experts recommend that a roof's slope be set at 30 degrees to provide the proper pitch while dealing with heavy winds. This is also known as a 7/12 pitch, which implies that for every 12 inches of run toward the peak of the roof, the roof rises 7 inches. The reason for this recommendation is that roofs with steeper slopes are more likely to leak under such conditions.
The choice of roof material will determine how much it costs to install your own wind-resistant roof. There are three types of materials used in roofing: asphalt shingles, copper and steel. Each type of material is available in several different styles, which affect their cost per square foot. A standard home with an average-size garage might be covered by a layer of asphalt shingles that's 3/4 inch thick or 1 inch thick. The price tag for a basic asphalt shingle roof depends on the type of material you choose and its size. A typical color choice for an asphalt shingle roof is red, white or blue.
Asphalt shingles are by far the most common type of roofing material. They're easy to install using a ladder or a liftgate of your car, and they last about 20 years on average. The main advantage of asphalt shingles is their low cost; the typical price ranges from $0 to $3 per square foot.
A "steep roof" is defined by OSHA as any roof with a rise/run ratio greater than 4:12. (18.43 degrees). This means that for every 12 inches of height, there should be at least 4 inches of run. Steeper roofs are more difficult to cover because they require more material and are more likely to leak.
Roofs range in slope from 1:12 to 1:50 or more. A very steep roof is called a pyramidal or scarped roof and can reach 2:9 or 3:4. These roofs are used only on special buildings like church spires or skyscrapers where the weight of other structures can damage their stability if they're not well tied down.
The average house has a roof pitch of about 5/12, which is considered medium-sloped. Some houses have flat roofs while others have pitched roofs with rises of up to 20 feet. The size of the roof depends on how many square feet you need covered. A small room might have a roof with a pitch of 10/12, while larger rooms may have ceilings lined with drywall and hung from hooks or bolts driven into the walls. The location of these ceiling beams is called stud space. They provide structural support for the wallboard and insulation below.
For lapped, non-soldered seam metal roofs without lap sealant, the minimum slope is three units vertical and twelve units horizontal (a 25 percent slope). The minimum slope for lapped, non-soldered seam metal roofs with applied lap sealant is one-half unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (4 percent slope). For soldered seam metal roofs, the minimum slope is five units vertical and six units horizontal (10 percent slope).
The maximum allowable snow load on a metal roof is 150 pounds per square foot. This means that if your roof was covered with ice, it would be able to support this weight. The best way to prevent damage from heavy snowfalls is to install metal roofing that has been designed to withstand high winds. If such damage does occur, you may want to consider installing storm shutters or other protective measures.
Metal roofs are becoming more popular every day. They are considered an affordable option for homeowners who want to upgrade their exterior home decor. Even though they cost more at first glance, over time they will save you money by reducing heat loss and air conditioning costs.
There are several different types of metal roofs available today. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it's important to understand how they work before making a decision.
Lap siding is thin strips of wood or plastic that are attached to the wall surface behind the shingle.