As a result, today's structural designs incorporate additional reinforcement in these key places. Most structures can be designed to survive hurricane damage and wind speeds of up to 170 mph! However, it is important that you test your structure's resistance before any major storms approach so you know what kind of damage could be done.
In addition to the speed limit, most buildings are also required by law to have some form of impact resistance. This protects people from being injured if a window is broken by falling debris.
The American National Standards Institute has published standards for high-speed wind resistance for buildings, but they vary based on location and design criteria. These guidelines should help determine how strong a metal building can be when placed in high-speed winds.
For example, if a building site is 20 miles away from a town with a 100-year storm event rate, then it can be designed to with stand winds up to 170 miles per hour. But if the site is near a town with a 1-million-year storm event rate, then it should be able to withstand winds up to 190 miles per hour.
A typical straight-wall structure is dangerous because its components can be ripped off even in a mild storm. The wind enters through the smallest crack, demolishing the entire building as if a bomb had detonated within. During a storm, changing wind speeds can put pressure on different portions of a building. If it fails, it can cause serious injury or death.
The most severe damage from a tornado occurs at buildings with poorly constructed foundations or those that are built close to the ground. These structures are most common in areas where developers don't need to pay taxes on property they sell, so they build them quickly without regard for weather conditions. Even if a foundation is properly prepared, it can fail under the stress of a tornado if the house is not designed to withstand such force. A small building with no basement walls will likely collapse during a tornado.
Large buildings with many glass windows and doors are also prone to failure. During a tornado, glass breaks into sharp shards that can cut you like knives. The metal frames of windows and doors can also twist off their hinges or pull away from their moorings, causing further injury and destruction.
Finally, buildings with plastic siding or thin wooden roofs are at risk for collapsing roofing material. The wind can blow these materials off the roof and into people's homes.
According to experts, all towering structures will wobble somewhat in the wind. However, builders must ensure that super-strong winds do not topple a tower. This steel is used to construct the skyscraper's "skeleton." It keeps the towering building from swinging too much, allowing it to survive strong winds.
The best way to keep a building from collapsing due to high winds is to make its structure rigid enough so that there are no weak points where the force of the wind could cause parts of it to break away.
In addition, buildings need to be designed with safety in mind from the beginning. The designer should consider how the building might react to different kinds of forces (such as wind or earthquakes). The builder also needs to know what kind of construction techniques were used at different stages of development, so they can be applied appropriately. For example, engineers should be aware of how long concrete has to set up before it becomes fully functional. If the structure is being built without taking this factor into account, then the building may not be as safe as it could be.
Finally, owners and managers of tall buildings should take special precautions to protect their properties. They should be located away from densely populated areas, since people want shelter from dangerous conditions such as high winds. In addition, buildings should have an escape route in case of emergency, such as a fire on top floor.
While steel and concrete are both more wind resistant than wood, all builders in Florida are mandated to create homes that can withstand gusts of up to 140 mph. Even if your house was built with wood, it should have had the required straps and fasteners to ensure structural stability. The best protection against damage from wind is a house that has been designed and constructed properly to begin with.
The next question you need to ask yourself is, "How do I want my home to look?" If you want your house to be beautiful after the storm, then you should choose colors that are easy on the eye and design elements that won't be destroyed by high winds. A house that is painted in bright colors or has large flowers attached to the roof will get blown over easily. On the other hand, a wooden house with simple siding styles and no decorations will look good even after being hit by heavy rain and wind storms.
In conclusion, only steel and concrete buildings can withstand a hurricane. If you want to protect your family from damage caused by high winds, choose a house that is designed to handle strong winds. It may cost a little more, but it's worth it in the long run.